Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Calixarenes
Literature References: Molecular baskets into which smaller molecules can fit. Name is derived from the Greek "calix" for "chalice" or "cup" and arene for the aryl residues; the name originally referred to the phenolic tetramer linked by methylene groups. The nomenclature uses calix[n]arene where n is the number of the aryl groups. Modifications to the phenol are indicated by prefixes; whereas total changes of the aryl group are indicated in front of the "arene". Prepn: A. Zinke, E. Ziegler, Ber. 77, 264 (1944); A. Zinke et al., Monatsh. Chem. 79, 438 (1948). Modification of basic structures: J. L. Atwood et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 32, 1093 (1993). Book: Calixarenes, C. D. Gutsche, Ed. (Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, U.K., 1989) 222 pp.

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