Water-Soluble Vitamins with Minerals Capsules
DEFINITION
Water-Soluble Vitamins with Minerals Capsules contain one or more of the following water-soluble vitamins: Ascorbic Acid or its equivalent as Calcium Ascorbate or Sodium Ascorbate, Biotin, Cyanocobalamin, Folic Acid, Dexpanthenol or Panthenol, Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium Pantothenate or Racemic Calcium Pantothenate), Niacin or Niacinamide, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, and Thiamine Hydrochloride or Thiamine Mononitrate; and one mineral or more, furnishing one or more of the following elements in ionizable form: boron, calcium, chromium, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, tin, vanadium, and zinc, derived from substances generally recognized as safe. Capsules contain NLT 90.0% and NMT 150.0% of the labeled quantities of ascorbic acid (C6H8O6) or its salts as calcium ascorbate (C12H14CaO12·2H2O) or sodium ascorbate (C6H7NaO6), biotin (C10H16N2O3S), cyanocobalamin (C63H88CoN14O14P), folic acid (C19H19N7O6), dexpanthenol (C9H19NO4) or panthenol (C9H19NO4), calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10), niacin (C6H5NO2) or niacinamide (C6H6N2O), pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl), riboflavin (C17H20N4O6), and thiamine (C12H17ClN4OS) as thiamine hydrochloride or thiamine mononitrate; NLT 90.0% and NMT 125.0% of the labeled quantities of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and zinc (Zn); and NLT 90.0% and NMT 160.0% of the labeled quantities of boron (B), chromium (Cr), fluorine (F), iodine (I), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), tin (Sn), and vanadium (V).
They do not contain any form of Beta Carotene or Vitamin A, D, E, or K. They may contain other labeled added substances that are generally recognized as safe, in quantities that are unobjectionable.
STRENGTH
[Note—In the following assays, where more than one assay method is given for an individual ingredient, the requirements may be met by following any one of the specified methods, the method used being stated in the labeling only if Method 1 is not used. ]
•  Ascorbic Acid, Method 1
Sample solution:  Weigh NLT 20 Capsules in a tared weighing bottle. Open the Capsules, without the loss of shell material, and transfer the contents to a 100-mL beaker. Remove any contents adhering to the empty shells by washing, if necessary, with several portions of ether. Discard the washings, and dry the Capsule shells with the aid of a current of dry air until the odor of ether is no longer perceptible. Weigh the empty Capsule shells in the tared weighing bottle, and calculate the average net weight/Capsule. Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 100 mg of ascorbic acid, to a 200-mL volumetric flask, and add 75 mL of metaphosphoric–acetic acids TS. Insert a stopper into the flask, and shake by mechanical means for 30 min. Dilute with water to volume. Transfer a portion of the solution to a centrifuge tube, and centrifuge until a clear supernatant is obtained. Pipet 4.0 mL of this solution into a 50-mL conical flask, and add 5 mL of metaphosphoric–acetic acids TS.
Analysis:  Titrate with standard dichlorophenol–indophenol solution VS to a rose-pink color that persists for at least 5 s. Correct for the volume of dichlorophenol–indophenol solution consumed by a mixture of 5.5 mL of metaphosphoric–acetic acids TS and 15 mL of water. From the ascorbic acid equivalent of the standard dichlorophenol–indophenol solution, calculate the content of ascorbic acid in each Capsule.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of ascorbic acid (C6H8O6)
•  Ascorbic Acid, Method 2: Proceed as directed in Automated Methods of Analysis 16, Assay for Ascorbic Acid.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of ascorbic acid (C6H8O6)
•  Calcium Ascorbate, Method 1: Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of calcium ascorbate (C12H14CaO12·2H2O)
•  Calcium Ascorbate, Method 2: Proceed as directed in Automated Methods of Analysis 16, Assay for Ascorbic Acid.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of calcium ascorbate (C12H14CaO12·2H2O)
•  Sodium Ascorbate, Method 1: Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of sodium ascorbate (C6H7NaO6)
•  Sodium Ascorbate, Method 2: Proceed as directed in Automated Methods of Analysis 16, Assay for Ascorbic Acid.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of sodium ascorbate (C6H7NaO6)
•  Biotin, Method 1
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Mobile phase:  Mix 85 mL of acetonitrile, 1 g of sodium perchlorate, and 1 mL of phosphoric acid, and dilute with water to 1000 mL.
Standard stock solution:  0.333 mg/mL of USP Biotin RS in dimethyl sulfoxide
Standard solution:  5 µg/mL of USP Biotin RS, prepared by diluting the Standard stock solution with water
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule”. Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 1 mg of biotin, to a 200-mL volumetric flask. Add 3 mL of dimethyl sulfoxide, and swirl to wet the contents. Place the flask in a water bath at 60–70 for 5 min. Sonicate for 5 min, dilute with water to volume, and filter.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 200 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 15-cm; 3-µm packing L7
Flow rate:  1.2 mL/min
Injection size:  100 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the responses for the biotin peaks. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of biotin (C10H16N2O3S) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak response from the Sample solution
rS== peak response from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Biotin RS in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of biotin in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of biotin (C10H16N2O3S)
•  Biotin, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Dehydrated mixtures yielding formulations similar to the media described herein may be used provided that, when constituted as directed, they have growth-promoting properties equal to or superior to those obtained with the media prepared as described herein.
Standard stock solution:  50 µg/mL of USP Biotin RS in 50% alcohol. Store this solution in a refrigerator.
Standard solution:  On the day of the assay, dilute the Standard stock solution with water to a concentration of 0.1 ng/mL of USP Biotin RS.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule”. Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 100 µg of biotin, to a 200-mL volumetric flask. Add 3 mL of 50% alcohol, and swirl to wet the contents. Heat the flask in a water bath at 60–70 for 5 min. Sonicate for 5 min, dilute with diluted alcohol to volume, and filter. Dilute a volume of the filtrate quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with water to obtain a solution with a concentration of 0.1 ng/mL.
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution:  Mix 100 g of vitamin-free casein with 500 mL of 6 N hydrochloric acid, and reflux the mixture for 8–12 h. Remove the hydrochloric acid from the mixture by distillation under reduced pressure until a thick paste remains. Redissolve the resulting paste in water, adjust the solution with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 3.5 ± 0.1, and add water to make 1000 mL. Add 20 g of activated charcoal, stir for 1 h, and filter. Repeat the treatment with activated charcoal. Store under toluene in a refrigerator at a temperature not below 10. Filter the solution if a precipitate forms during storage.
Cystine–tryptophan solution:  Suspend 4.0 g of l-cystine in 1.0 g of l-tryptophan (or 2.0 g of d,l-tryptophan) in 700–800 mL of water. Heat to 70–80, and add dilute hydrochloric acid (1 in 2) dropwise, with stirring, until the solids are dissolved. Cool, and add water to make 1000 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator at a temperature not below 10.
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution:  Dissolve 200 mg each of adenine sulfate, guanine hydrochloride, and uracil, with the aid of heat, in 10 mL of 4 N hydrochloric acid. Cool, and add water to make 200 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  100 mg/mL of polysorbate 80 in alcohol
Calcium pantothenate solution:  10 µg/mL of calcium pantothenate in 50% alcohol. Store in a refrigerator.
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride solution:  20 µg/mL of riboflavin and 10 µg/mL of thiamine hydrochloride in 0.02 N acetic acid. Store under toluene, protected from light, in a refrigerator.
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution:  10 µg/mL of p-aminobenzoic acid, 50 µg/mL of niacin, and 40 µg/mL of pyridoxine hydrochloride in a mixture of neutralized alcohol and water (1:3). Store in a refrigerator.
Salt solution A:  25 g of monobasic potassium phosphate and 25 g of dibasic potassium phosphate in water to make 500 mL. Add 5 drops of hydrochloric acid. Store under toluene.
Salt solution B:  10 g of magnesium sulfate, 0.5 g of sodium chloride, 0.5 g of ferrous sulfate, and 0.5 g of manganese sulfate in water to make 500 mL. Add 5 drops of hydrochloric acid, and mix. Store under toluene.
Basal medium stock solution 
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution 25 mL
Cystine–tryptophan solution 25 mL
Polysorbate 80 solution 0.25 mL
Dextrose, anhydrous 10 g
Sodium acetate, anhydrous 5 g
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution 5 mL
Calcium pantothenate solution 5 mL
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride solution 5 mL
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution 5 mL
Salt solution A 5 mL
Salt solution B 5 mL
Dissolve the anhydrous dextrose and anhydrous sodium acetate in the solutions previously mixed, and adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 6.8. Dilute with water to 250 mL.
Stock culture of Lactobacillus plantarum Dissolve 2.0 g of yeast extract in 100 mL of water. Add 500 mg of anhydrous dextrose, 500 mg of anhydrous sodium acetate, and 1.5 g of agar, and heat the mixture on a steam bath, with stirring, until the agar dissolves. Add 10-mL portions of the hot solution to test tubes, close or cover the tubes, sterilize in an autoclave at 121, and allow the tubes to cool in an upright position. Prepare stab cultures in three or more of the tubes, using a pure culture of Lactobacillus plantarum,1 incubating for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 37 held constant to within ±0.5. Store in a refrigerator. Prepare a fresh stab of the stock culture every week, and do not use for Inoculum if the culture is more than 1 week old.
Culture medium:  Add 0.5 ng of biotin in 5.0 mL of water to each tube containing 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution. Plug the tubes with cotton, sterilize in an autoclave at 121, and cool.
Inoculum:  [Note—A frozen suspension of Lactobacillus plantarum may be used as the stock culture, provided it yields an Inoculum comparable to a fresh culture. ] Make a transfer of cells from the Stock culture of Lactobacillus plantarum to a sterile tube containing 10 mL of Culture medium. Incubate this culture for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 37 held constant to within ±0.5. The cell suspension so obtained is the Inoculum.
Analysis:  To similar separate test tubes add, in duplicate, 1.0 and/or 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mL of the Standard solution. To each tube and to four similar empty tubes add 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL.
To similar test tubes add, in duplicate, volumes of the Sample solution corresponding to three or more of the levels specified for the Standard solution, including the levels of 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mL. To each tube add 5.0 mL of the Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL. Place one complete set of Standard and sample tubes together in one tube rack and the duplicate set in a second rack or section of a rack, preferably in random order.
Cover the tubes of both series to prevent contamination, and sterilize in an autoclave at 121 for 5 min. Cool. Add 1 drop of Inoculum to each tube, except two of the four tubes containing no Standard solution (the uninoculated blanks). Incubate the tubes at a temperature between 30 and 37 held constant to within ±0.5 until, following 16–24 h of incubation, there has been no substantial increase in turbidity in the tubes containing the highest level of Standard during a 2-h period.
Determine the transmittance of the tubes in the following manner. Mix the contents of each tube, and transfer to a spectrophotometer cell. Place the cell in a spectrophotometer that has been set at a specific wavelength 540–660 nm, and read the transmittance when a steady state is reached. This steady state is observed a few seconds after agitation when the galvanometer reading remains constant for 30 s or more. Allow approximately the same time interval for the reading on each tube.
With the transmittance set at 1.00 for the uninoculated blank, read the transmittance of the inoculated blank. With the transmittance set at 1.00 for the inoculated blank, read the transmittance for each of the remaining tubes. If there is evidence of contamination with a foreign microorganism, disregard the result of the assay.
Calculation:  Prepare a standard concentration-response curve as follows. For each level of the Standard, calculate the response from the sum of the duplicate values of the transmittance (S) as the difference, y = 2.00 S. Plot this response on the ordinate of cross-section paper against the logarithm of the mL of Standard solution/tube on the abscissa, using for the ordinate either an arithmetic or a logarithmic scale, whichever gives the better approximation to a straight line. Draw the straight line or smooth curve that best fits the plotted points.
Calculate the response, y, adding together the two transmittances for each level of the Sample solution. Read from the standard curve the logarithm of the volume of the Standard solution corresponding to each of those values of y that fall within the range of lowest and highest points plotted for the Standard. Subtract from each logarithm so obtained the logarithm of the volume, in mL, of the Sample solution to obtain the difference, X, for each dosage level. Average the values of X for each of three or more dosage levels to obtain X, which equals the log-relative potency, M¢, of the Sample solution. Determine the quantity, in µg, of USP Biotin RS corresponding to the biotin in each mg of the portion of Capsules taken:
antilog M = antilog (M¢ + log R)
R== number of µg of biotin that was assumed to be present in each mg of the portion of the Capsules taken
Replication:  Repeat the entire determination at least once, using separately prepared Sample solutions. If the difference between the two log-potencies M is NMT 0.08, their mean, M, is the assayed log-potency of the test material (see Design and Analysis of Biological Assays 111, The Confidence Interval and Limits of Potency). If the two determinations differ by more than 0.08, conduct one or more additional determinations. From the mean of two or more values of M that do not differ by more than 0.15, compute the mean potency of the preparation under assay.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of biotin (C10H16N2O3S)
•  Cyanocobalamin, Method 1
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Mobile phase:  Methanol and water (7:13)
Standard stock solution:  10 µg/mL of USP Cyanocobalamin RS in water. [Note—Store this stock solution in a dark place, and discard after 1 week. ]
Standard solution:  1 µg/mL of USP Cyanocobalamin RS from Standard stock solution diluted with water
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 100 µg of cyanocobalamin, to a 250-mL flask. Add 100.0 mL of water, and carefully extract for 2 min. Filter 10 mL of the extract, and use the clear filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  550 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 15-cm; 5-µm packing L1
Flow rate:  0.5 mL/min
Injection size:  200 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak responses for cyanocobalamin. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of cyanocobalamin (C63H88CoN14O14P) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak response from the Sample solution
rS== peak response from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Cyanocobalamin RS in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of cyanocobalamin in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of cyanocobalamin (C63H88CoN14O14P)
•  Cyanocobalamin, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Standard cyanocobalamin stock solution:  1.0 µg/mL of USP Cyanocobalamin RS in 25% alcohol. Store in a refrigerator.
Standard solution:  Dilute a suitable volume of Standard cyanocobalamin stock solution with water to a measured volume such that after the incubation period as described in the Analysis, the difference in transmittance between the inoculated blank and the 5.0-mL level of the Standard solution is NLT that which corresponds to a difference of 1.25 mg in dried cell weight. This concentration usually falls between 0.01 and 0.04 ng/mL of the Standard solution. Prepare this solution fresh for each assay.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 1.0 µg of cyanocobalamin, to an appropriate vessel containing, for each g of Capsule contents taken, 25 mL of an aqueous extracting solution prepared just before use to contain 12.9 mg/mL of dibasic sodium phosphate, 11.0 mg/mL of anhydrous citric acid, and 10 mg/mL of sodium metabisulfite. Autoclave the mixture at 121 for 10 min. Allow any undissolved particles of the extract to settle, and filter or centrifuge, if necessary. Dilute an aliquot of the clear solution with water to obtain a final solution containing vitamin B12 activity approximately equivalent to that of the Standard solution.
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium Pantothenate, Method 2.
Asparagine solution:  Dissolve 2.0 g of l-asparagine in water to make 200 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium Pantothenate, Method 2.
Xanthine solution:  Suspend 0.20 g of xanthine in 30–40 mL of water, heat to 70, add 6.0 mL of 6 N ammonium hydroxide, and stir until the solid is dissolved. Cool, and add water to make 200 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Salt solution A:  Dissolve 10 g of monobasic potassium phosphate and 10 g of dibasic potassium phosphate in water to make 200 mL, and add 2 drops of hydrochloric acid. Store this solution under toluene.
Salt solution B:  Dissolve 4.0 g of magnesium sulfate, 0.20 g of sodium chloride, 0.20 g of ferrous sulfate, and 0.20 g of manganese sulfate in water to make 200 mL. Add 2 drops of hydrochloric acid. Store this solution under toluene.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  20 g of polysorbate 80 in alcohol to make 200 mL. Store in a refrigerator.
Vitamin solution A:  10 mg of riboflavin, 10 mg of thiamine hydrochloride, 100 µg of biotin, and 20 mg of niacin in 0.02 N glacial acetic acid to make 400 mL. Store under toluene, protected from light, in a refrigerator.
Vitamin solution B:  20 mg of p-aminobenzoic acid, 10 mg of calcium pantothenate, 40 mg of pyridoxine hydrochloride, 40 mg of pyridoxal hydrochloride, 8 mg of pyridoxamine dihydrochloride, and 2 mg of folic acid in a mixture of water and neutralized alcohol (3:1) to make 400 mL. Store, protected from light, in a refrigerator.
Basal medium stock solution:  Prepare the medium according to the following formula and directions. A dehydrated mixture containing the same ingredients may be used provided that, when constituted as directed in the labeling, it yields a medium comparable to that obtained from the formula given herein.
Add the ingredients in the order listed, carefully dissolving cystine and tryptophan in the hydrochloric acid before adding the next eight solutions in the resulting solution. Add 100 mL of water, and dissolve the dextrose, sodium acetate, and ascorbic acid. Filter, if necessary. Add the Polysorbate 80 solution, adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of between 5.5 and 6.0, and add Purified Water to make 250 mL.
l-Cystine 0.1 g
l-Tryptophan 0.05 g
1 N Hydrochloric acid 10 mL
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution 5 mL
Xanthine solution 5 mL
Vitamin solution A 10 mL
Vitamin solution B 10 mL
Salt solution A 5 mL
Salt solution B 5 mL
Asparagine solution 5 mL
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution 25 mL
Dextrose, anhydrous 10 g
Sodium acetate, anhydrous 5 g
Ascorbic acid 1 g
Polysorbate 80 solution 5 mL
Tomato juice preparation:  Centrifuge commercially canned tomato juice so that most of the pulp is removed. Suspend 5 g/L of analytical filter aid in the supernatant, and pass, with the aid of reduced pressure, through a layer of the filter aid. Repeat, if necessary, until a clear, straw-colored filtrate is obtained. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Culture medium:  [Note—A dehydrated mixture containing the same ingredients may be used provided that, when constituted as directed in the labeling, it yields a medium equivalent to that obtained from the formula given herein. ] Dissolve 0.75 g of yeast extract, 0.75 g of dried peptone, 1.0 g of anhydrous dextrose, and 0.20 g of monobasic potassium phosphate in 60–70 mL of water. Add 10 mL of Tomato juice preparation and 1 mL of Polysorbate 80 solution. Adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 6.8, and add water to make 100 mL. Place 10-mL portions of the solution in test tubes, and plug with cotton. Sterilize the tubes and contents in an autoclave at 121 for 15 min. Cool as rapidly as possible to avoid color formation resulting from overheating the medium.
Suspension medium:  Dilute a measured volume of Basal medium stock solution with an equal volume of water. Place 10-mL portions of the diluted medium in test tubes. Sterilize, and cool as directed for Culture medium.
Stock culture of Lactobacillus leichmannii To 100 mL of Culture medium add 1.0–1.5 g of agar, and heat the mixture on a steam bath, with stirring, until the agar dissolves. Place 10-mL portions of the hot solution in test tubes, cover the tubes, sterilize at 121 for 15 min in an autoclave (exhaust line temperature), and allow the tubes to cool in an upright position. Inoculate three or more of the tubes by stab transfer of a pure culture of Lactobacillus leichmannii.2 [Note—Before first using a fresh culture in this assay, make NLT 10 successive transfers of the culture in a 2-week period. ]
Incubate for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 40 held constant to within ±0.5. Store in a refrigerator.
Prepare fresh stab cultures at least three times each week, and do not use them for preparing the Inoculum if more than 4 days old. The activity of the microorganism can be increased by daily or twice-daily transfer of the stab culture, to the point where definite turbidity in the liquid Inoculum can be observed 2–4 h after inoculation. A slow-growing culture seldom gives a suitable response curve and may lead to erratic results.
Inoculum:  [Note—A frozen suspension of Lactobacillus leichmannii may be used as the stock culture, provided it yields an Inoculum comparable to a fresh culture. ] Make a transfer of cells from the Stock culture of Lactobacillus leichmannii to two sterile tubes containing 10 mL of the Culture medium each. Incubate these cultures for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 40 held constant to within ±0.5. Under aseptic conditions centrifuge the cultures, and decant the supernatant. Suspend the cells from the culture in 5 mL of sterile Suspension medium, and combine. Using sterile Suspension medium, adjust the volume so that a 1-in-20 dilution in saline TS produces 70% transmittance when read on a suitable spectrophotometer that has been set at a wavelength of 530 nm, equipped with a 10-mm cell, and read against saline TS set at 100% transmittance. Prepare a 1-in-400 dilution of the adjusted suspension using Basal medium stock solution. The cell suspension so obtained is the Inoculum. [Note—This dilution may be altered, when necessary, to obtain the desired test response. ]
Calibration of spectrophotometer:  Check the wavelength of the spectrophotometer periodically, using a standard wavelength cell or other suitable device. Before reading any tests, calibrate the spectrophotometer for 0% and 100% transmittance, using water and with the wavelength set at 530 nm.
Analysis:  Because of the high sensitivity of the test organism to minute amounts of vitamin B12 activity and to traces of many cleansing agents, cleanse meticulously by suitable means, followed preferably by heating at 250 for 2 h, using hard-glass 20-mm × 150-mm test tubes, and other necessary glassware.
To separate test tubes add, in duplicate, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mL of the Standard solution. To each of these tubes and to four similar empty tubes add 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL.
To similar separate test tubes add, in duplicate, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mL of the Sample solution. To each tube add 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL. Place one complete set of Standard and sample tubes together in one tube rack and the duplicate set in a second rack or section of a rack, preferably in random order.
Cover the tubes to prevent bacterial contamination, and sterilize in an autoclave at 121 for 5 min, arranging to reach this temperature in NMT 10 min by preheating the autoclave if necessary. Cool as rapidly as possible to avoid color formation resulting from overheating the medium. Take precautions to maintain uniformity of sterilizing and cooling conditions throughout the assay, because packing the tubes too closely in the autoclave or overloading it may cause variation in the heating rate.
Aseptically add 0.5 mL of Inoculum to each tube so prepared, except two of the four containing no Standard solution (the uninoculated blanks). Incubate the tubes at a temperature between 30 and 40, held constant to within ±0.5, for 16–24 h.
Terminate growth by heating to a temperature NLT 80 for 5 min. Cool to room temperature. After agitating its contents, place the container in a spectrophotometer that has been set at a wavelength of 530 nm, and read the transmittance when a steady state is reached. This steady state is observed a few seconds after agitation when the reading remains constant for 30 s or more. Allow approximately the same time interval for the reading on each tube.
With the transmittance set at 100% for the uninoculated blank, read the transmittance of the inoculated blank. If the difference is greater than 5% or if there is evidence of contamination with a foreign microorganism, disregard the results of the assay.
With the transmittance set at 100% for the uninoculated blank, read the transmittance of each of the remaining tubes. Disregard the results of the assay if the slope of the standard curve indicates a problem with sensitivity.
Calculation:  Prepare a standard concentration-response curve by the following procedure. Test for and replace any aberrant individual transmittances. For each level of the Standard, calculate the response from the sum of the duplicate values of the transmittances (S) as the difference, y = 2.00 S. Plot this response on the ordinate of cross-section paper against the logarithm of the mL of Standard solution per tube on the abscissa, using for the ordinate either an arithmetic or a logarithmic scale, whichever gives the better approximation to a straight line. Draw the straight line or smooth curve that best fits the plotted points.
Calculate the response, y, adding together the two transmittances for each level of the Sample solution. Read from the standard curve the logarithm of the volume of the Standard solution corresponding to each of those values of y that falls within the range of the lowest and highest points plotted for the Standard. Subtract from each logarithm so obtained the logarithm of the volume, in mL, of the Sample solution to obtain the difference, X, for each dosage level. Average the values of X for each of three or more dosage levels to obtain X, which equals the log-relative potency, M¢, of the Sample solution. Determine the quantity, in µg, of USP Cyanocobalamin RS corresponding to the cyanocobalamin in each mg of the portion of Capsules taken:
antilog M = antilog (M¢ + log R)
R== number of µg of cyanocobalamin that was assumed to be present in each mg of the portion of the Capsules taken
Replication:  Repeat the entire determination at least once, using separately prepared Sample solutions. If the difference between the two log-potencies M is NMT 0.08, their mean, M, is the assayed log-potency of the test material (see Design and Analysis of Biological Assays 111, The Confidence Interval and Limits of Potency). If the two determinations differ by more than 0.08, conduct one or more additional determinations. From the mean of two or more values of M that do not differ by more than 0.15, compute the mean potency of the preparation under assay.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of cyanocobalamin (C63H88CoN14O14P)
•  Folic Acid, Method 1
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Reagent A:  25% solution of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in methanol
Reagent B:  Transfer 5.0 g of pentetic acid to a 50-mL volumetric flask. Using sonication if necessary, dissolve in and dilute with 1 N sodium hydroxide to volume.
Mobile phase:  2 g of monobasic potassium phosphate in 650 mL of water. Add 12.0 mL of Reagent A, 7.0 mL of 3 N phosphoric acid, and 240 mL of methanol. Cool to room temperature, adjust with phosphoric acid or ammonia TS to a pH of 7.0, dilute with water to 1000 mL, and filter. Recheck the pH before use by adding water or methanol to the prepared Mobile phase to obtain baseline separation of folic acid and the internal standard. The pH may be increased up to 7.15 to obtain better separation. [Note—The methanol and water content may be varied (between 1% and 3%). ]
Internal standard solution:  Transfer 40 mg of methylparaben to a 1000-mL volumetric flask, and add 220 mL of methanol to dissolve. Dissolve 2.0 g of monobasic potassium phosphate in 300 mL of water in a separate beaker, quantitatively transfer this solution to the flask containing the methylparaben solution, and add an additional 300 mL of water. Add 19 mL of Reagent A, 7 mL of 3 N phosphoric acid, and 30 mL of Reagent B. Adjust with ammonia TS to a pH of 9.8, bubble nitrogen through the solution for 30 min, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Standard solution:  0.016 mg/mL of USP Folic Acid RS in Internal standard solution
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer an amount of Capsule contents to a suitable centrifuge tube, and add a volume of Internal standard solution to obtain a nominal concentration of 0.016 mg/mL of folic acid. Shake by mechanical means for 10 min, and centrifuge. Filter a portion of the clear supernatant, and use the filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 280 nm
Column:  3.9-mm × 30-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1 mL/min
Injection size:  15 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
[Note—The relative retention times for folic acid and methylparaben are about 0.8 and 1.0, respectively. ]
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for folic acid and methylparaben. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of folic acid (C19H19N7O6) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (RU/RS) × (CS/CU) × 100
RU== peak area ratio of folic acid to methylparaben from the Sample solution
RS== peak area ratio of folic acid to methylparaben from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Folic Acid RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of folic acid in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of folic acid (C19H19N7O6)
•  Folic Acid, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Reagent:  Dissolve 7.5 g of edetate disodium, with stirring, in 500 mL of water containing 10 mL of ammonium hydroxide.
Diluent:  60 µg/mL of ammonium hydroxide
Mobile phase:  Transfer 0.4 mL of triethylamine, 15 mL of glacial acetic acid, and 350 mL of methanol to a 2000-mL volumetric flask, and dilute with 0.008 M sodium 1-hexanesulfonate to volume.
Standard stock solution:  60 µg/mL of USP Folic Acid RS in Diluent. Prepare this solution fresh daily.
Standard solution:  Mix 5.0 mL of Standard stock solution with 10.0 mL of methanol and 35.0 mL of Reagent. Shake for 15 min in a water bath maintained at 60, and cool. Filter, discarding the first few mL of the filtrate.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1 through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 0.3 mg of folic acid, to a 125-mL stoppered flask. Add 10.0 mL of methanol and 35.0 mL of Reagent. Shake for 15 min in a water bath maintained at 60, and cool. Filter, discarding the first few mL of the filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 270 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L7
Column temperature:  50
Flow rate:  2 mL/min
Injection size:  5 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 2.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the areas of the major peaks. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of folic acid (C19H19N7O6) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of folic acid from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of folic acid from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Folic Acid RS in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of folic acid in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of folic acid (C19H19N7O6)
•  Dexpanthenol or Panthenol
[Note—The following procedure is applicable also to the determination of the dextrorotatory component of racemic panthenol in preparations containing panthenol. ]
Dehydrated mixtures yielding formulations similar to the media described herein may be used provided that, when constituted as directed, they have growth-promoting properties equal to or superior to those obtained with the media prepared as described herein.
Standard stock solution:  800 µg/mL of USP Dexpanthenol RS in water. Store in a refrigerator, protected from light, and use within 30 days.
Standard solution:  On the day of the assay, prepare a dilution of 1.2 µg/mL of dexpanthenol from Standard stock solution diluted with water.
Sample solution:  Weigh NLT 30 Capsules in a tared weighing bottle. Open the Capsules, without loss of shell material, and transfer the contents as completely as possible to a beaker. Remove any contents adhering to the empty Capsule shells by washing with several portions of ether. Discard the washings, and dry the Capsule shells with the aid of a current of dry air until the odor of ether is no longer perceptible. Weigh the empty Capsule shells in the tared weighing bottle, and calculate the average net weight/Capsule. Dissolve a portion of the Capsule contents, nominally equivalent to 1.2 mg of dexpanthenol or 2.4 mg of panthenol, in 100.0 mL of water. Quantitatively dilute a portion of this solution with water to obtain a nominal concentration of 1.2 µg/mL of dexpanthenol or 2.4 µg/mL of panthenol.
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution:  Mix 100 g of vitamin-free casein with 500 mL of 6 N hydrochloric acid, and reflux the mixture for 8–12 h. Remove the hydrochloric acid from the mixture by distillation under reduced pressure until a thick paste remains. Redissolve the resulting paste in about 500 mL of water, adjust the solution with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 3.5 ± 0.1, and add water to make 1000 mL. Add 20 g of activated charcoal, stir for 1 h, and filter. Repeat the treatment with activated charcoal. Store under toluene in a cool place at a temperature not below 10. Filter the solution if a precipitate forms during storage.
Cystine–tryptophan solution:  Suspend 4.0 g of l-cystine and 1.0 g of l-tryptophan (or 2.0 g of d,l-tryptophan) in 700–800 mL of water, heat to 75 ± 5, and add hydrochloric acid solution (1 in 2) dropwise, with stirring, until the solids are dissolved. Cool, and add water to make 1000 mL. Store under toluene in a cool place at a temperature not below 10.
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution:  Dissolve 200 mg each of adenine sulfate, guanine hydrochloride, and uracil, with the aid of heat, in 10 mL of 4 N hydrochloric acid. Cool. Add water to make 200 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  100 mg/mL of polysorbate 80 in alcohol
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride–biotin solution:  20 µg/mL of riboflavin, 10 µg/mL of thiamine hydrochloride, and 0.04 µg/mL of biotin in 0.02 N acetic acid. Store under toluene, protected from light, in a refrigerator.
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution:  10 µg/mL of p-aminobenzoic acid, 50 µg/mL of niacin, and 40 µg/mL of pyridoxine hydrochloride in neutral 25% alcohol. Store in a refrigerator.
Salt solution A:  50 mg/mL of monobasic potassium phosphate and 50 mg/mL of dibasic potassium phosphate in water. Add 10 drops of hydrochloric acid/L of solution. Store under toluene.
Salt solution B:  20 mg/mL of magnesium sulfate, 1 mg/mL of sodium chloride, 1 mg/mL of ferrous sulfate, and 1 mg/mL of manganese sulfate in water. Add 10 drops of hydrochloric acid/L of the solution. Store under toluene.
Pyridoxal–calcium pantothenate solution:  200 µg/mL of pyridoxal hydrochloride and 1.875 µg/mL of calcium pantothenate in 10% alcohol. Store in a refrigerator, and use within 30 days.
Polysorbate 40–oleic acid solution:  50 mg/mL of polysorbate 40 and 0.5 mg/mL of oleic acid in 20% alcohol. Store in a refrigerator, and use within 30 days.
Modified pantothenate medium 
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution 25 mL
Cystine–tryptophan solution 25 mL
Polysorbate 80 solution 0.25 mL
Dextrose, anhydrous 10 g
Sodium acetate, anhydrous 5 g
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution 5 mL
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride–biotin solution 5 mL
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution 5 mL
Salt solution A 5 mL
Salt solution B 5 mL
Pyridoxal–calcium pantothenate solution 5 mL
Polysorbate 40–oleic acid solution 5 mL
Dissolve anhydrous dextrose and sodium acetate in the solutions previously mixed, and adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 6.8. Finally, dilute with water to 250 mL.
Double-strength modified pantothenate medium:  Prepare as directed for the Modified pantothenate medium, but make the final dilution to 125 mL instead of 250 mL. Prepare fresh.
Stock culture of Pediococcus acidilactici Dissolve in 800 mL of water, with the aid of heat, 6.0 g of peptone, 4.0 g of pancreatic digest of casein, 3.0 g of yeast extract, 1.5 g of beef extract, 1.0 g of dextrose, and 15.0 g of agar. Adjust with 0.1 N sodium hydroxide or 0.1 N hydrochloric acid to a pH of 6.5–6.6, and dilute with water to 1000 mL. Add 10-mL portions of the solution to culture tubes, place caps on the tubes, and sterilize in an autoclave at 121 for 15 min. Cool on a slant, and store in a refrigerator. Prepare a stock culture of Pediococcus acidilactici3 on a slant of this medium. Incubate at 35 for 20–24 h, and store in a refrigerator. Maintain the stock culture by monthly transfer onto fresh slants.
Inoculum:  Inoculate three 250-mL portions of Modified pantothenate medium from a stock culture slant, and incubate at 35 for 20–24 h. Centrifuge the suspension from the combined portions, and wash the cells with Modified pantothenate medium. Resuspend the cells in sufficient Modified pantothenate medium so that a 1-in-50 dilution, when tested in a 13-mm diameter test tube, gives 80% light transmission at 530 nm. Transfer 1.2-mL portions of this stock suspension to glass ampuls, seal, freeze in liquid nitrogen, and store in a freezer. On the day of the assay, allow the ampuls to reach room temperature, mix the contents, and dilute 1 mL of thawed culture with sterile saline TS to 150 mL. [Note—This dilution may be altered when necessary to obtain the desired test response. ]
Analysis:  Prepare in triplicate a series of eight culture tubes by adding the following quantities of water to the tubes within a set: 5.0, 4.5, 4.0, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.0, and 0.0 mL. To these same tubes, and in the same order, add 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mL of the Standard solution.
Prepare in duplicate a series of five culture tubes by adding the following quantities of water to the tubes within a set: 4.0, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, and 1.0 mL. To these same tubes, and in the same order, add 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mL of the Sample solution.
Add 5.0 mL of Double-strength modified pantothenate medium to each tube. Cover the tubes with metal caps, and sterilize in an autoclave at 121 for 5 min. Cool to room temperature in a chilled water bath, and inoculate each tube with 0.5 mL of the Inoculum. Allow to incubate at 37 for 16 h. Terminate growth by heating to a temperature NLT 80, such as by steaming at atmospheric pressure in a sterilizer for 5–10 min. Cool, and determine the percentage transmittance of the suspensions, in cells of equal pathlength, on a suitable spectrophotometer, at a wavelength of 530 nm.
Calculation:  Draw a dose-response curve on arithmetic graph paper by plotting the average response, in percentage of transmittance, for each set of tubes of the standard curve against the Standard level concentrations. The curve is drawn by connecting each adjacent pair of points with a straight line. From this standard curve, determine by interpolation the potency, in terms of dexpanthenol, of each tube containing portions of the Sample solution. Divide the potency of each tube by the amount of the Sample solution added to it, to obtain the individual responses. Calculate the mean response by averaging the individual responses that vary from their mean by NMT 15%, using NLT half the total number of tubes. Calculate the potency of the portion of the material taken for assay, in terms of dexpanthenol, by multiplying the mean response by the appropriate dilution factor.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of dexpanthenol (C9H19NO4) or panthenol (C9H19NO4)
•  Calcium Pantothenate, Method 1
Mobile phase:  Phosphoric acid and water (1:1000)
Internal standard solution:  80 mg of p-hydroxybenzoic acid in 3 mL of alcohol. Add 50 mL of water and 7.1 g of dibasic sodium phosphate, and dilute with water to 1000 mL. Adjust with phosphoric acid to a pH of 6.7.
Standard solution:  0.6 mg/mL of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS in Internal standard solution
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer the equivalent to 0.6 mg/mL of calcium pantothenate, from mixed Capsule contents, in Internal standard solution, and shake vigorously for 10 min. Centrifuge, filter, and use the clear filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 210 nm
Column:  3.9-mm × 15-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1.5 mL/min
Injection size:  10 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
[Note—The relative retention times for calcium pantothenate and p-hydroxybenzoic acid are about 0.5 and 1.0, respectively. ]
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak responses for calcium pantothenate and the internal standard. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (RU/RS) × (CS/CU) × 100
RU== peak response ratio of calcium pantothenate to p-hydroxybenzoic acid from the Sample solution
RS== peak response ratio of calcium pantothenate to p-hydroxybenzoic acid from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of calcium pantothenate in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10)
•  Calcium Pantothenate, Method 2
Standard stock solution:  Dissolve 50 mg of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS, previously dried and stored in the dark over phosphorus pentoxide while protected from absorption of moisture during the weighing, in 500 mL of water in a 1000-mL volumetric flask. Add 10 mL of 0.2 N acetic acid and 100 mL of sodium acetate solution (1 in 60), and dilute with water to volume to obtain a concentration of 50 µg/mL of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Standard solution:  On the day of the assay, dilute a volume of Standard stock solution with water to obtain a concentration of 0.01–0.04 µg/mL of calcium pantothenate, the exact concentration being such that the responses obtained as directed for Analysis, 2.0–4.0 mL of the Standard solution being used, are within the linear portion of the log-concentration response curve.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 50 mg of calcium pantothenate, to a 1000-mL volumetric flask containing 500 mL of water. Add 10 mL of 0.2 N acetic acid and 100 mL of sodium acetate solution (16.66 mg/mL), dilute with water to volume, and filter. Dilute a volume of this solution to obtain a solution having approximately the same concentration as that of the Standard solution.
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution:  Mix 100 g of vitamin-free casein with 500 mL of 6 N hydrochloric acid, and reflux the mixture for 8–12 h. Remove the hydrochloric acid from the mixture by distillation under reduced pressure until a thick paste remains. Redissolve the resulting paste in water, adjust the solution with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 3.5 ± 0.1, and add water to make 1000 mL. Add 20 g of activated charcoal, stir for 1 h, and filter. Repeat the treatment with activated charcoal. Store under toluene in a cool place at a temperature not below 10. Filter the solution if a precipitate forms during storage.
Cystine–tryptophan solution:  Suspend 4.0 g of l-cystine and 1.0 g of l-tryptophan (or 2.0 g of d,l-tryptophan) in 700–800 mL of water, heat to 70–80, and add dilute hydrochloric acid (1 in 2) dropwise, with stirring, until the solids are dissolved. Cool, and add water to make 1000 mL. Store under toluene in a cool place at a temperature not below 10.
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution:  Dissolve 200 mg each of adenine sulfate, guanine hydrochloride, and uracil, with the aid of heat, in 10 mL of 4 N hydrochloric acid. Cool, and add water to make 200 mL. Store under toluene in a refrigerator.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  100 mg/mL of polysorbate 80 in alcohol
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride–biotin solution:  20 µg/mL of riboflavin, 10 µg/mL of thiamine hydrochloride, and 0.04 µg/mL of biotin in 0.02 N acetic acid. Store under toluene, protected from light, in a refrigerator.
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution:  10 µg/mL of p-aminobenzoic acid, 50 µg/mL of niacin, and 40 µg/mL of pyridoxine hydrochloride in a mixture of neutralized alcohol and water (1:3). Store in a refrigerator.
Salt solution A:  Dissolve 25 g of monobasic potassium phosphate and 25 g of dibasic potassium phosphate in water to make 500 mL. Add 5 drops of hydrochloric acid. Store under toluene.
Salt solution B:  Dissolve 10 g of magnesium sulfate, 0.5 g of sodium chloride, 0.5 g of ferrous sulfate, and 0.5 g of manganese sulfate in water to make 500 mL. Add 5 drops of hydrochloric acid. Store under toluene.
Basal medium stock solution 
Acid-hydrolyzed casein solution 25 mL
Cystine–tryptophan solution 25 mL
Polysorbate 80 solution 0.25 mL
Dextrose, anhydrous 10 g
Sodium acetate, anhydrous 5 g
Adenine–guanine–uracil solution 5 mL
Riboflavin–thiamine hydrochloride–biotin solution 5 mL
p-Aminobenzoic acid–niacin–pyridoxine hydrochloride solution 5 mL
Salt solution A 5 mL
Salt solution B 5 mL
Dissolve the anhydrous dextrose and anhydrous sodium acetate in the solutions previously mixed, and adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 6.8. Dilute with water to 250 mL.
Stock culture of Lactobacillus plantarum Dissolve 2.0 g of yeast extract in 100 mL of water. Add 500 mg of anhydrous dextrose, 500 mg of anhydrous sodium acetate, and 1.5 g of agar, and heat the mixture on a steam bath, with stirring, until the agar dissolves. Add 10-mL portions of the hot solution to the test tubes, close or cover the tubes, sterilize in an autoclave at 121, and allow the tubes to cool in an upright position. Prepare stab cultures in three or more of the tubes, using a pure culture of Lactobacillus plantarum1 incubating for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 37 held constant to within ±0.5. Store in a refrigerator. Prepare a fresh stab of the stock culture every week, and do not use for Inoculum if the culture is more than 1 week old.
Culture medium:  To each of a series of test tubes containing 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution add 5.0 mL of water containing 0.2 µg of calcium pantothenate. Plug the tubes with cotton, sterilize in an autoclave at 121, and cool.
Inoculum:  [Note—A frozen suspension of Lactobacillus plantarum may be used as the stock culture, provided it yields an Inoculum comparable to a fresh culture. ] Make a transfer of cells from the Stock culture of Lactobacillus plantarum to a sterile tube containing 10 mL of Culture medium. Incubate this culture for 16–24 h at a temperature between 30 and 37 held constant to within ±0.5. The cell suspension so obtained is the Inoculum.
Analysis:  To similar separate test tubes add, in duplicate, 1.0 and/or 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mL of the Standard solution. To each tube and to four similar empty tubes add 5.0 mL of Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL.
To similar separate test tubes add, in duplicate, volumes of the Sample solution corresponding to three or more of the levels specified for the Standard solution, including the levels of 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mL. To each tube add 5.0 mL of the Basal medium stock solution and sufficient water to make 10 mL. Place one complete set of Standard and sample tubes together in one tube rack and the duplicate set in a second rack or section of a rack, preferably in random order.
Cover the tubes of both series to prevent contamination, and sterilize in an autoclave at 121 for 5 min. Cool. Add 1 drop of Inoculum to each tube, except two of the four tubes containing no Standard solution (the uninoculated blanks). Incubate the tubes at a temperature between 30 and 37, held constant to within ±0.5 until, following 16–24 h of incubation, there has been no substantial increase in turbidity in the tubes containing the highest level of Standard during a 2-h period.
Determine the transmittance of the tubes in the following manner. Mix the contents of each tube, and transfer to an optical container if necessary. Place the container in a spectrophotometer that has been set at a specific wavelength between 540 and 660 nm, and read the transmittance when a steady state is reached. This steady state is observed a few seconds after agitation when the galvanometer reading remains constant for 30 s or more. Allow approximately the same time interval for the reading on each tube.
With the transmittance set at 1.00 for the uninoculated blank, read the transmittance of the inoculated blank. With the transmittance set at 1.00 for the inoculated blank, read the transmittance for each of the remaining tubes. If there is evidence of contamination with a foreign microorganism, disregard the result of the assay.
Calculation:  Prepare a standard concentration-response curve as follows. For each level of the Standard, calculate the response from the sum of the duplicate values of the transmittance (S) as the difference, y = 2.00 S. Plot this response on the ordinate of cross-section paper against the logarithm of the mL of Standard solution/tube on the abscissa, using for the ordinate either an arithmetic or a logarithmic scale, whichever gives the better approximation to a straight line. Draw the straight line or smooth curve that best fits the plotted points.
Calculate the response, y, adding together the two transmittances for each level of the Sample solution. Read from the standard curve the logarithm of the volume of the Standard solution corresponding to each of those values of y that fall within the range of the lowest and highest points plotted for the Standard. Subtract from each logarithm so obtained the logarithm of the volume, in mL, of the Sample solution to obtain the difference, X, for each dosage level. Average the values of X for each of three or more dosage levels to obtain X, which equals the log-relative potency, M¢, of the Sample solution. Determine the quantity, in mg, of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS corresponding to the calcium pantothenate in each mg of the portion of Capsules taken:
antilog M = antilog (M¢ + log R)
R== number of mg of calcium pantothenate that was assumed to be present in each mg of the portion of the Capsules taken
Replication:  Repeat the entire determination at least once, using separately prepared Sample solutions. If the difference between the two log-potencies M is NMT 0.08, their mean, M, is the assayed log-potency of the test material (see Design and Analysis of Biological Assays 111, The Confidence Interval and Limits of Potency). If the two determinations differ by more than 0.08, conduct one or more additional determinations. From the mean of two or more values of M that do not differ by more than 0.15, compute the mean potency of the preparation under assay.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10)
•  Calcium Pantothenate, Method 3
Buffer solution:  Dissolve 10.0 g of monobasic potassium phosphate in 2000 mL of water, and adjust with phosphoric acid to a pH of 3.5.
Mobile phase:  Methanol and Buffer solution (1:9)
Standard stock solution:  0.25 mg/mL of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS in water. Prepare fresh every 4 weeks. Store in a refrigerator.
Standard solution:  40 µg/mL of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS from Standard stock solution diluted with water
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1 through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 10 mg of calcium pantothenate, to a 250-mL volumetric flask. Add 10 mL of methanol, and swirl the flask to disperse the Capsules' contents. Dilute with water to volume, mix, and filter.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 205 nm
Column:  3.9-mm × 30-cm; 5-µm packing L1
Column temperature:  50
Flow rate:  2 mL/min
Injection size:  25 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for calcium pantothenate. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area from the Sample solution
rS== peak area from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Calcium Pantothenate RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of calcium pantothenate in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of calcium pantothenate (C18H32CaN2O10)
•  Niacin or Niacinamide, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, and Thiamine, Method 1
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Diluent:  Acetonitrile, glacial acetic acid, and water (5:1:94)
Mobile phase:  A mixture of methanol, glacial acetic acid, and water (27:1:73) containing 140 mg of sodium 1-hexanesulfonate per 100 mL
Standard solution:  [Note—Use USP Niacin RS in place of USP Niacinamide RS for formulations containing Niacin. ] Transfer 80 mg of USP Niacinamide RS, 20 mg of USP Pyridoxine Hydrochloride RS, 20 mg of USP Riboflavin RS, and 20 mg of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS to a 200-mL volumetric flask, and add 180 mL of Diluent. Immerse the flask in a hot water bath maintained at 65–70 for 10 min with regular shaking or using a vortex mixer, until all the solid materials are dissolved. Chill rapidly in a cold water bath for 10 min to room temperature, and dilute with Diluent to volume.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 10 mg of niacinamide and 2.5 mg each of pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin, and thiamine hydrochloride, to a 50-mL centrifuge tube. Add 25.0 mL of Diluent, and mix using a vortex mixer for 30 s to completely suspend the powder. Immerse the centrifuge tube in a hot water bath maintained at 65–70, heat for 5 min, and mix on a vortex mixer for 30 s. Return the tube to the hot water bath, heat for another 5 min, and mix on a vortex mixer for 30 s. Filter a portion of the solution, cool to room temperature, and use the clear filtrate. [Note—Use the filtrate within 3 h of filtration. ]
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 280 nm
Column:  3.9-mm × 30-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1 mL/min
Injection size:  10 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
[Note—The relative retention times for niacinamide, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and thiamine are about 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0, respectively. ]
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for niacin or niacinamide, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and thiamine. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of niacinamide (C6H6N2O) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of niacinamide from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of niacinamide from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Niacinamide RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of niacinamide in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
For formulations containing niacin:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of niacin from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of niacin from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Niacin RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of niacin in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Separately calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl), riboflavin (C17H20N4O6), and thiamine hydrochloride (C12H17ClN4OS·HCl) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of the corresponding vitamin from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of the corresponding vitamin from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of the relevant USP Reference Standard in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of the corresponding vitamin in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
For products containing thiamine mononitrate, calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × (Mr1/Mr2) × 100
rU== peak area of thiamine from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of thiamine from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of thiamine mononitrate in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Mr1== molecular weight of thiamine mononitrate, 327.36
Mr2== molecular weight of thiamine hydrochloride, 337.27
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of niacinamide (C6H6N2O), niacin (C6H5NO2), pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl), riboflavin (C17H20N4O6), and thiamine as thiamine hydrochloride (C12H17ClN4OS·HCl) or thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S)
•  Niacin, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Solution A:  Transfer 1 mL of glacial acetic acid and 2.5 g of edetate disodium to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in and dilute with water to volume.
Extraction solvent:  Solution A and methanol (3:1)
Mobile phase:  0.1 M sodium acetate solution (13.6 mg/mL of sodium acetate in water). Adjust with acetic acid to a pH of 5.4. [Note—A small amount of methanol (up to 1%) may be added to the Mobile phase to improve resolution. ]
Standard stock solution:  1 mg/mL of USP Niacin RS in Extraction solvent
Standard solution:  Transfer 5.0 mL of Standard stock solution to a 25-mL volumetric flask. Dilute with Extraction solvent to volume.
Sample solution:  [Note—This preparation is suitable for the determination of niacin or niacinamide, pyridoxine hydrochloride, and riboflavin, when present in the formulation. ] Weigh NLT 20 Capsules in a tared weighing bottle. Open the Capsules, without loss of shell material, and transfer the contents to a beaker. Remove any contents adhering to the shells by washing with several portions of ether. Discard the washings, and dry the Capsule shells with the aid of a current of dry air. Weigh the empty Capsule shells in the tared weighing bottle, and calculate the net weight of the Capsule contents. Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 0.02 mg/mL of riboflavin. If riboflavin is not present in the formulation, use a portion equivalent to 0.02 mg/mL of pyridoxine. If pyridoxine is not present in the formulation, use a portion equivalent to 0.2 mg/mL of niacin or niacinamide in Extraction solvent, and mix for 20 min, using a wrist-action shaker. Immerse the flask in a water bath maintained at 70–75, and heat for 20 min. Mix on a vortex mixer for 30 s, cool to room temperature, and filter. Use the clear filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 254 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1 mL/min
Injection size:  20 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
[Note—If necessary, flush the column with methanol between injections. ]
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for niacin. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of niacin (C6H5NO2) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area from the Sample solution
rS== peak area from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Niacin RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of niacin in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of niacin (C6H5NO2)
•  Niacinamide, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Extraction solvent, Mobile phase, Standard stock solution, Standard solution, Sample solution, and Chromatographic system:  Using USP Niacinamide RS in place of USP Niacin RS, proceed as directed in the assay for Niacin, Method 2.
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for niacinamide. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of niacinamide (C6H6N2O) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of niacinamide from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of niacinamide from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Niacinamide RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of niacinamide in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of niacinamide (C6H6N2O)
•  Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Extraction solvent and Mobile phase:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Niacin, Method 2.
Standard stock solution:  0.1 mg/mL of USP Pyridoxine Hydrochloride RS in Extraction solvent
Standard solution:  20 µg/mL of USP Pyrodoxine Hydrochloride RS from Standard stock solution diluted with Extraction solvent
Sample solution:  Prepare as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Niacin, Method 2.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 254 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1 mL/min
Injection size:  20 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for pyridoxine. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area from the Sample solution
rS== peak area from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Pyridoxine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of pyridoxine hydrochloride in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl)
•  Riboflavin, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Extraction solvent:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Niacin, Method 2.
Solution A:  6.8 mg/mL of sodium acetate in water
Mobile phase:  Prepare a mixture of Solution A and methanol (13:7). Add 2 mL of triethylamine per L of the mixture, and adjust with glacial acetic acid to a pH of 5.2.
Standard stock solution:  Transfer 20 mg of USP Riboflavin RS to a 200-mL volumetric flask, and add 180 mL of Extraction solvent. Immerse the flask for 5 min in a water bath maintained at 65–75. Mix well, and repeat if necessary until dissolved. Chill rapidly in a cold water bath to room temperature, and dilute with Extraction solvent to volume.
Standard solution:  Dilute 5.0 mL of Standard stock solution with Extraction solvent to 25.0 mL.
Sample solution:  Prepare as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Niacin, Method 2.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 254 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  1 mL/min
Injection size:  20 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for riboflavin. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of riboflavin (C17H20N4O6) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area from the Sample solution
rS== peak area from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Riboflavin RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of riboflavin in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of riboflavin (C17H20N4O6)
•  Thiamine, Method 2
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Solution A:  1.88 mg/mL of sodium 1-hexanesulfonate in 0.1% phosphoric acid
Mobile phase:  Solution A and acetonitrile (46:9)
Standard stock solution:  0.1 mg/mL of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in 0.2 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solution:  0.02 mg/mL of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS from Standard stock solution diluted with 0.2 N hydrochloric acid
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Mix a portion of the Capsule contents with a volume of 0.2 N hydrochloric acid to obtain a nominal concentration of 0.02 mg/mL of thiamine. Shake for 15 min with a wrist-action shaker, and heat to boiling for 30 min. Cool to room temperature, and filter. Use the clear filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 254 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L1
Flow rate:  2 mL/min
Injection size:  20 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 3.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the areas for the major peaks. For products containing thiamine hydrochloride, calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of thiamine hydrochloride (C12H17ClN4OS·HCl) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of thiamine from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of thiamine from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of thiamine hydrochloride in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
For products containing thiamine mononitrate, calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × (Mr1/Mr2) × 100
rU== peak area of thiamine from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of thiamine from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of thiamine mononitrate in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Mr1== molecular weight of thiamine mononitrate, 327.36
Mr2== molecular weight of thiamine hydrochloride, 337.27
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of thiamine as thiamine hydrochloride (C12H17ClN4OS·HCl) or thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S)
•  Niacin or Niacinamide, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, and Thiamine, Method 3
[Note—Use low-actinic glassware throughout this procedure. ]
Reagent:  25 mg/mL of edetate disodium in water
Mobile phase:  Transfer 0.4 mL of triethylamine, 15.0 mL of glacial acetic acid, and 350 mL of methanol to a 2000-mL volumetric flask. Dilute with 0.008 M sodium 1-hexanesulfonate to volume.
Standard stock solution:  1.5 mg/mL of USP Niacin RS or USP Niacinamide RS, 0.24 mg/mL of USP Pyridoxine Hydrochloride RS, 0.08 mg/mL of USP Riboflavin RS, and 0.24 mg/mL of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in Reagent, with heating if necessary
Standard solution:  Transfer 5.0 mL of Standard stock solution to a stoppered 125-mL flask. Add 10.0 mL of a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (9:1) and 30.0 mL of a mixture of methanol and ethylene glycol (1:1). Insert the stopper, shake for 15 min in a water bath maintained at 60, and cool. Filter, discarding the first few mL of the filtrate.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Ascorbic Acid, Method 1, through “calculate the average net weight/Capsule.” Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 7.5 mg of niacin or niacinamide, 1.2 mg of pyridoxine hydrochloride, 0.4 mg of riboflavin, and 1.2 mg of thiamine hydrochloride, to a stoppered 125-mL flask. Add 10.0 mL of a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (9:1), and 30.0 mL of a mixture of methanol and ethylene glycol (1:1). Insert the stopper, shake for 15 min in a water bath maintained at 60, and cool. Filter, discarding the first few mL of the filtrate.
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  UV 270 nm
Column:  4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L7
Column temperature:  50
Flow rate:  2 mL/min
Injection size:  5 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 2.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the areas of the peak responses. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of niacin (C6H5NO2) or niacinamide (C6H6N2O) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of the corresponding analyte from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of the corresponding analyte from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Niacin RS or USP Niacinamide RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of niacin or niacinamide in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Separately calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl), riboflavin (C17H20N4O6), and thiamine (C12H17ClN4OS) (for products containing thiamine hydrochloride) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area of the corresponding analyte from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of the corresponding analyte from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of the relevant USP Reference Standard in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of the corresponding analyte in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
For products containing thiamine mononitrate, calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × (Mr1/Mr2) × 100
rU== peak area of thiamine from the Sample solution
rS== peak area of thiamine from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard solution (mg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of thiamine mononitrate in the Sample solution (mg/mL)
Mr1== molecular weight of thiamine mononitrate, 327.36
Mr2== molecular weight of thiamine hydrochloride, 337.27
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–150.0% of the labeled amount of niacinamide (C6H6N2O) or niacin (C6H5NO2), pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3·HCl), riboflavin (C17H20N4O6), and thiamine as thiamin hydrochloride (C12H17ClN4OS) or thiamin mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S)
[Note—Commercially available atomic absorption standard solutions for the minerals, where applicable, may be used where preparation of a Standard stock solution is described in the following assays. Use deionized water where water is specified. Where atomic absorption spectrophotometry is specified in the assay, the Standard solutions and the Sample solution may be diluted quantitatively with the solvent specified, if necessary, to yield solutions of suitable concentrations adaptable to the linear or working range of the instrument. ]
•  Calcium, Method 1
Lanthanum chloride solution:  267 mg/mL of lanthanum chloride heptahydrate in 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Calcium standard solution:  400 µg/mL of calcium. Dissolve 1.001 g of calcium carbonate, previously dried at 300 for 3 h and cooled in a desiccators for 2 h, in 25 mL of I N hydrochloric acid. Boil to expel carbon dioxide, and dilute with water to 1000 mL.
Standard stock solution:  100 µg/mL of calcium from Calcium standard solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  Into separate 100-mL volumetric flasks pipet 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 mL of the Standard stock solution. To each flask add 1.0 mL of Lanthanum chloride solution, and dilute with water to volume to obtain concentrations of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 µg/mL of calcium.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Dilute Polysorbate 80 with alcohol (1 in 10).
Sample solution:  Transfer 5 Capsules to a 100-mL volumetric flask. [Note—For hard gelatin Capsules, weigh NLT 20 Capsules. Open the Capsules, without loss of shell material, and transfer the contents to a suitable container. Remove any contents adhering to the empty shells by washing with several portions of ether. Discard the washings, and allow the Capsule shells to dry. Weigh the empty Capsule shells, calculate the net weight of the Capsule contents, and transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 5 Capsules, to a 100-mL volumetric flask. ] Add 15 mL of water, 10 mL of 6 N hydrochloric acid, and 1 mL of Polysorbate 80 solution to the flask. Heat on a hot plate or steam bath, with intermittent swirling, until the Capsules are completely disintegrated or the contents are dissolved. Boil gently for an additional 15 min. Cool, dilute with water to volume, and filter, discarding the first 5 mL of the filtrate. Dilute this solution with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to obtain a concentration of 2 µg/mL of calcium, adding 1 mL of Lanthanum chloride solution per 100 mL of the final volume.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Calcium hollow-cathode
Flame:  Nitrous oxide–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Calcium emission line at 422.7 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid containing 1 mL of Lanthanum chloride solution per 100 mL
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of calcium, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of calcium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of calcium (Ca) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of calcium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of calcium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of calcium (Ca)
•  Chromium, Method 1
Chromium standard solution:  1000 µg/mL of chromium from potassium dichromate, previously dried at 120 for 4 h in water. Store in a polyethylene bottle.
Standard stock solution:  10 µg/mL of chromium from Chromium standard solution diluted with 6 N hydrochloric acid and water (1 in 20)
Standard solutions:  Transfer 10.0 and 20.0 mL of the Standard stock solution to separate 100-mL volumetric flasks, and transfer 15.0 mL and 20.0 mL of the Standard stock solution to separate 50-mL volumetric flasks. Dilute the contents of each of the four flasks with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain concentrations of 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 µg/mL of chromium.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 1 µg/mL of chromium and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Chromium hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Chromium emission line at 357.9 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of chromium, and draw the straight line best fitting the four plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of chromium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of chromium (Cr) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) ×100
C== measured concentration of chromium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of chromium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of chromium (Cr)
•  Copper, Method 1
Copper standard solution:  Dissolve 1.00 g of copper foil in a minimum volume of a 50% (v/v) solution of nitric acid, and dilute with a 1% (v/v) solution of nitric acid to 1000 mL. This solution contains 1000 µg/mL of copper.
Standard stock solution:  100 µg/mL of copper from Copper standard solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  To separate 200-mL volumetric flasks transfer 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, and 8.0 mL of the Standard stock solution. Dilute with water to volume to obtain concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 µg/mL of copper.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 2 µg/mL of copper and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Copper hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Copper emission line at 324.7 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of copper, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of copper in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of copper (Cu) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of copper in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of copper in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of copper (Cu)
•  Fluoride, Method 1
[Note—Store all solutions in plastic containers. ]
3 M sodium acetate solution:  408 mg/mL of sodium acetate in water. Adjust with a few drops of acetic acid to a pH of 7.0. [Note—Dissolve in a portion of water and allow the solution to equilibrate to room temperature, then dilute with water to volume and adjust the pH. ]
Sodium citrate solution:  Dissolve 222 g of sodium citrate in 250 mL of water in a 1000-mL volumetric flask. Add 28 mL of perchloric acid, and dilute with water to volume.
Fluoride standard stock solution:  500 µg/mL of fluoride from a quantity of sodium fluoride, previously dried at 100 for 4 h and cooled in a desiccator in water
Intermediate stock solution A:  100 µg/mL of fluoride from Fluoride standard stock solution diluted with water
Intermediate stock solution B:  10 µg/mL of fluoride from Fluoride standard stock solution diluted with water
Standard solutions:  To five separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 3.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mL of Intermediate stock solution B and 5.0 and 10.0 mL of Intermediate stock solution A. To each flask add 10.0 mL of 1 N hydrochloric acid, 25 mL of 3 M sodium acetate solution, and 25.0 mL of Sodium citrate solution. Dilute the contents of each flask with water to volume to obtain concentrations of 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, and 10.0 µg/mL of fluoride.
Sample solution:  Remove the contents of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the mixed Capsule contents, equivalent to 200 mg of fluoride, to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 10.0 mL of 1 N hydrochloric acid, 25.0 mL of 3 M sodium acetate solution, and 25.0 mL of Sodium citrate solution. Dilute with water to volume.
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
To separate plastic beakers, each containing a plastic-coated stirring bar, transfer 50.0 mL each of the Standard solutions and the Sample solution. Measure the potentials (see pH 791), in mV, of the Standard solutions and the Sample solution, with a pH meter capable of a minimum reproducibility of ±0.2 mV and equipped with a fluoride-specific ion-indicating electrode and a calomel reference electrode. [Note—When taking measurements, immerse the electrodes in the solution, stir on a magnetic stirrer having an insulated top until equilibrium is attained (1–2 min), and record the potential. Rinse and dry the electrodes between measurements, taking care to avoid damaging the crystal of the specific-ion electrode. ]
Plot the logarithms of fluoride concentrations, in µg/mL, of the Standard solutions versus the potential, in mV. From the standard response curve and the measured potential of the Sample solution, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of fluoride in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of fluorine (F) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of fluoride in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of fluorine in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of fluorine (F)
•  Fluoride, Method 2
[Note—Use plastic containers and deionized water throughout this procedure. ]
pH 10.0 buffer:  Add 214 mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide to 1000 mL of 0.05 M sodium bicarbonate.
Mobile phase:  Alcohol, 0.1 N sulfuric acid, and water (20:5:175)
Standard stock solution:  220 µg/mL of USP Sodium Fluoride RS in water. This solution contains 100 µg/mL of fluoride.
Standard solution:  [Note—Condition the solid-phase extraction column specified for use in the Standard solution and the Sample solution in the following manner. Using a vacuum at a pressure not exceeding 5 mm of mercury, wash the column with one column volume of methanol followed by one column volume of pH 10.0 buffer. Do not allow the column top to dry. If the top of the column becomes dry, recondition the column. ] Transfer 10.0 mL of the Standard stock solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 75 mL of water, and adjust with 0.1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 10.4 ± 0.1. Dilute with water to volume. Filter, discarding the first 15 mL of the filtrate. Transfer 25.0 mL of the filtrate to a 50-mL volumetric flask. Add 15.0 mL of water, and adjust with 0.1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 10.0. Dilute with pH 10.0 buffer to volume. Elute a portion of this solution through a 3-mL, solid-phase extraction column containing L1 packing that is connected through an adaptor to a second solid-phase extraction column containing sulfonylpropyl strong cation-exchange packing. Discard the first 3 mL of the eluate, and collect the rest of the eluate in a suitable flask for injection into the chromatograph.
Sample solution:  Weigh NLT 20 Capsules in a tared weighing bottle. Open the Capsules, without loss of shell material, and transfer the contents to a 100-mL container. If necessary, remove any contents adhering to the empty shells by washing with several portions of ether. Discard the washings, and dry the Capsule shells with the aid of a current of dry air. Weigh the empty Capsule shells in the tared weighing bottle, and calculate the net weight of the Capsule contents. Transfer a portion of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 1 mg of fluorine, to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 15 mL of water, and shake vigorously. Rinse the sides of the flask with 15 mL of water, and allow to stand for 10 min. Dilute with water to 85 mL, adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 10.4 ± 0.1, and dilute with water to 100 mL. Proceed as directed for the Standard solution, beginning with “Filter, discarding the first 15 mL of the filtrate.”
Chromatographic system 
Mode:  LC
Detector:  Conductivity detector
Guard column:  4.6-mm × 3-cm; packing L17
Analytical column:  7.8-mm × 30-cm; packing L17
Flow rate:  0.5 mL/min
Injection size:  100 µL
System suitability 
Sample:  Standard solution
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 2.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Measure the peak areas for fluoride. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of fluorine (F) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
rU== peak area from the Sample solution
rS== peak area from the Standard solution
CS== concentration of fluoride in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of fluorine in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of fluorine (F)
•  Iodide, Method 1
Bromine water:  Bromine and water (1:5). Shake. Allow to stand for 30 min, and use the supernatant.
Analysis:  Remove the contents of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the contents, equivalent to 3 mg of iodine, to a nickel crucible. Add 5 g of sodium carbonate, 5 mL of 50% (w/v) sodium hydroxide solution, and 10 mL of alcohol, taking care that the entire specimen is moistened. Heat the crucible on a steam bath to evaporate the alcohol, then dry the crucible at 100 for 30 min to prevent spattering upon subsequent heating. Transfer the crucible with its contents to a furnace heated to 500, and heat the crucible for 15 min. [Note—Heating at 500 is necessary to carbonize any organic matter present; a higher temperature may be used, if necessary, to ensure complete carbonization of all organic matter. ]
Cool the crucible, add 25 mL of water, cover the crucible with a watchglass, and boil gently for 10 min. Filter the solution, and wash the crucible with boiling water, collecting the filtrate and washings in a beaker. Add phosphoric acid until the solution is neutral to methyl orange, then add 1 mL excess of phosphoric acid. Add excess of Bromine water, and boil the solution gently until colorless and then for 5 min longer. Add a few crystals of salicylic acid, and cool the solution to 20. Add 1 mL of phosphoric acid and 0.5 g of potassium iodide, and titrate the liberated iodine with 0.005 N sodium thiosulfate VS, adding starch TS when the liberated iodine color has nearly disappeared.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of iodine (I) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = V × NA × F × Ime × (Aw/W) × (100/L)
V== volume of sodium thiosulfate consumed (mL)
NA== actual normality of the sodium thiosulfate solution used (meq/mL)
F== correction factor to convert mg to µg, 1000 µg/mg
Ime== milliequivalent of I (21.16 mg/meq)
Aw== average weight of the Capsules' contents
W== weight of the sample of Capsules' contents taken
L== labeled amount of iodine (µg/Capsule)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of iodine (I)
•  Iodide, Method 2: Proceed as directed in Automated Methods of Analysis 16, Assay for Iodide.
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of iodine (I)
•  Iron, Method 1
Iron standard stock solution:  Transfer 100 mg of iron powder to a 1000-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in 25 mL of 6 N hydrochloric acid, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Standard solutions:  To separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 2.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, and 8.0 mL of Iron standard stock solution. Dilute the contents of each flask with water to volume to obtain concentrations of 2.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, and 8.0 µg/mL of iron.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain a nominal concentration of 5 µg/mL of iron and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Iron hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Iron emission line at 248.3 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of iron, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of iron in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of iron (Fe) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of iron in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of iron in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of iron (Fe)
•  Magnesium, Method 1
Lanthanum chloride solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1
Magnesium standard solution:  1000 µg/mL of magnesium from magnesium ribbon, in 6 N hydrochloric acid and water (1:19)
Standard stock solution:  20 µg/mL of magnesium from Magnesium standard solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  To separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 mL of the Standard stock solution. To each flask add 1.0 mL of Lanthanum chloride solution, and dilute with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain concentrations of 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 µg/mL of magnesium.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 0.4 µg/mL of magnesium.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Magnesium hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Magnesium emission line at 285.2 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid containing 1 mL of Lanthanum chloride solution per 100 mL
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of magnesium, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of magnesium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of magnesium (Mg) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of magnesium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of magnesium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of magnesium (Mg)
•  Manganese, Method 1
Manganese standard stock solution:  1000 µg/mL of manganese in 6 N hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (49:1). [Note—Dissolve the manganese in nitric acid and dilute with 6 N hydrochloric acid to final volume. ]
Standard stock solution:  50 µg/mL of manganese from Manganese standard stock solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  To separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mL of Standard stock solution. Dilute the contents of each flask with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain solutions with concentrations of 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 µg/mL of manganese.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 1 µg/mL of manganese and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Manganese hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Manganese emission line at 279.5 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of manganese, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of manganese in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of manganese (Mn) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of manganese in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of manganese in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of manganese (Mn)
•  Molybdenum, Method 1
Diluent:  20 mg/mL of ammonium chloride in water
Molybdenum standard solution:  Transfer 1.0 g of molybdenum wire to a 1000-mL volumetric flask, and dissolve in 50 mL of nitric acid, warming if necessary. Dilute with water to volume, and mix to obtain a solution with a concentration of 1000 µg/mL of molybdenum.
Standard stock solution:  100 µg/mL of molybdenum from Molybdenum standard solution diluted with water
Standard solutions:  To separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 2.0, 10.0, and 25.0 mL of the Standard stock solution, and add 5.0 mL of perchloric acid to each flask. Gently boil the solution in each flask for 15 min. Cool to room temperature, and dilute each with Diluent to volume to obtain concentrations of 5.0, 10.0, and 25.0 µg/mL of molybdenum.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to take a number of Capsules or a portion of Capsule contents nominally equivalent to 1000 µg of molybdenum and make appropriate dilutions to obtain a final concentration of 10 µg/mL of molybdenum, omitting the addition of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrometry
Lamp:  Molybdenum hollow-cathode
Flame:  Nitrous oxide–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Molybdenum emission line at 313.3 nm
Blank:  Diluent and perchloric acid (20:1)
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of molybdenum, and draw the straight line best fitting the three plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of molybdenum in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of molybdenum (Mo) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of molybdenum in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of molybdenum in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of molybdenum (Mo)
•  Molybdenum, Method 2
Sodium fluoride solution:  Add 200 mL of water to 10 g of sodium fluoride, stir until the solution is saturated, and filter. Store in a polyethylene bottle.
Ferrous sulfate solution:  4.98 mg/mL of ferrous sulfate in water
Potassium thiocyanate solution:  200 mg/mL of potassium thiocyanate in water
20% Stannous chloride solution:  400 mg/mL of stannous chloride in 6.5 N hydrochloric acid solution and water (1:4). [Note—Dissolve first in 6.5 N hydrochloric acid, and heat the solution until the stannous chloride is dissolved. Then, dilute with water to volume. ]
Diluted stannous chloride solution:  20% Stannous chloride solution and water (1:24). Prepare this solution fresh at the time of use.
Standard solution:  20 µg/mL of molybdenum from ammonium molybdate in water
Sample:  Remove the contents of a counted number of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 40 mg of molybdenum, to a 200-mL beaker.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  UV-Vis
Cell:  1 cm
Analytical wavelength:  465 nm
Blank:  Amyl alcohol
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample
Transfer the Sample and 2.0 mL of the Standard solution to separate 200-mL beakers. Add 20 mL of nitric acid to each beaker. Cover each beaker with a watchglass, and boil slowly on a hot plate for 45 min. Cool to room temperature. Add 6 mL of perchloric acid, cover the beakers with a watchglass, and continue the heating until digestion is complete, as indicated when the liquid becomes colorless or pale yellow. Evaporate the solutions in the beakers to dryness. Rinse the sides of the beakers and the watchglasses with water, and add more water to complete 50 mL in each beaker. Gently boil the water solution for a few min. Cool to room temperature. Add 2 drops of methyl orange TS, and neutralize with ammonium hydroxide. Add 8.2 mL of hydrochloric acid. Quantitatively transfer the contents of the beakers to separate 100-mL volumetric flasks, rinse the beakers with water, transfer the rinsings to the corresponding volumetric flasks, and dilute with water to volume. Transfer 50.0 mL of each solution to separatory funnels. To each separatory funnel add 1.0 mL of Sodium fluoride solution, 0.5 mL of Ferrous sulfate solution, 4.0 mL of Potassium thiocyanate solution, 1.5 mL of 20% Stannous chloride solution, and 15.0 mL of amyl alcohol, and shake the separatory funnel for 1 min. Allow the layers to separate, and discard the aqueous layers. Add 25 mL of Diluted stannous chloride solution to each separatory funnel, and shake gently for 15 s. Allow the layers to separate, and discard the aqueous layers. Transfer the organic layers from each separatory funnel to a centrifuge tube, and centrifuge at 2000 rpm for 10 min. Determine the absorbances of the organic phases obtained from the Standard solution and the the Sample, and correct with the Blank.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of molybdenum (Mo) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (AU/AS) × [(V × CS)/MU] × 100
AU== absorbance of the Sample solution
AS== absorbance of the Sample solution
V== volume of the Standard solution analyzed, 2.0 mL
CS== concentration of molybdenum in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
MU== nominal amount of molybdenum in the Sample (µg)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of molybdenum (Mo)
•  Phosphorus, Method 1
Sulfuric acid solution:  Cautiously add sulfuric acid to water (37.5:100), and mix
Ammonium molybdate solution:  50 mg/mL of ammonium molybdate in Sulfuric acid solution and water (2:3). [Note—Dissolve in water first, then dilute with Sulfuric acid solution to volume. ]
Hydroquinone solution:  5 mg/mL of hydroquinone in water. Add one drop of sulfuric acid per 100 mL of solution.
Sodium bisulfite solution:  200 mg/mL of sodium bisulfite in water
Phosphorus standard stock solution:  Weigh 4.395 g of monobasic potassium phosphate, previously dried at 105 for 2 h and stored in a desiccator, and transfer to a 1000-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in water, add 6 mL of sulfuric acid as a preservative, dilute with water to volume, and mix to obtain a solution with a concentration of 1000 µg/mL of phosphorus.
Standard solution:  20 µg/mL of phosphorus from Phosphorus standard stock solution diluted with water
Sample solution:  Remove the contents of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the Capsule contents, nominally equivalent to 100 mg of phosphorus in 25 mL of nitric acid, and digest on a hot plate for 30 min. Add 15 mL of hydrochloric acid, and continue the digestion to the cessation of brown fumes. Cool, and transfer the contents of the flask to a 500-mL volumetric flask with the aid of small portions of water. Dilute with water to volume. Transfer 10.0 mL of this solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask, and dilute with water to volume.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  UV-Vis
Cell:  1 cm
Analytical wavelength:  650 nm
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
To three separate 25-mL volumetric flasks transfer 5.0 mL each of the Standard solution, the Sample solution, and water to provide the blank. To each of the three flasks add 1.0 mL each of Ammonium molybdate solution, Hydroquinone solution, and Sodium bisulfite solution, and swirl to mix. Dilute the contents of each flask with water to volume, and allow the flasks to stand for 30 min. Determine the absorbances of the solutions, against the Blank.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of phosphorus (P) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (AU/AS) × (CS/CU) × 100
AU== absorbance of the Sample solution
AS== absorbance of the Standard solution
CS== concentration of phosphorus in the Standard solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of phosphorus in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of phosphorus (P)
•  Potassium
Potassium standard solution:  100 µg/mL of potassium from potassium chloride, previously dried at 105 for 2 h, in water
Standard stock solution:  10 µg/mL of potassium from Potassium standard solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  Transfer 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, and 25.0 mL of the Standard stock solution to separate 100-mL volumetric flasks. Dilute the contents of each flask with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain solutions containing 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 µg/mL of potassium.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1 except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 1 µg/mL of potassium and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Lamp:  Potassium hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Potassium emission line at 766.5 nm
Blank:  Water
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of potassium, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of potassium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of potassium (K) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of potassium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of potassium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of potassium (K)
•  Selenium, Method 1
Diluent:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Molybdenum, Method 1.
Selenium standard solution:  [Caution—Selenium is toxic; handle it with care. ] Dissolve 1 g of metallic selenium in a minimum volume of nitric acid. Evaporate to dryness. Add 2 mL of water, and evaporate to dryness. Repeat the addition of water and the evaporation to dryness three times. Dissolve the residue in 3 N hydrochloric acid, transfer to a 1000-mL volumetric flask, and dilute with 3 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain a concentration of 1000 µg/mL of selenium.
Standard stock solution:  100 µg/mL of selenium from Selenium standard solution diluted with water
Standard solutions:  To separate 100-mL volumetric flasks transfer 5.0, 10.0, and 25.0 mL of the Standard stock solution, and add 5.0 mL of perchloric acid to each flask. Gently boil the solutions for 15 min, cool to room temperature, and dilute each with Diluent to volume to obtain solutions containing 5.0, 10.0, and 25.0 µg/mL of selenium.
Sample solution:  Remove the contents of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the Capsule contents, equivalent to 1000 µg of selenium in 12 mL of nitric acid. [Note—The volume of nitric acid may be varied to ensure that the powder is uniformly dispersed. ]
Carefully swirl the flask to disperse the sample specimen. Sonicate for 10 min or until the sample specimen is completely dissolved. Gently boil the solution for 15 min, and cool to room temperature. Carefully add 8 mL of perchloric acid to the flask, heat the flask until perchloric acid fumes appear, and swirl the flask to dissipate the fumes. Repeat the heating and swirling until the fumes appear again. Cool to room temperature. Transfer the contents of the flask to a 50-mL volumetric flask with the aid of the Diluent, and dilute with Diluent to volume.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Lamp:  Selenium hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Selenium emission line at 196.0 nm
Blank:  Diluent and perchloric acid (20:1)
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of selenium, and draw the straight line best fitting the three plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of selenium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of selenium (Se) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of selenium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of selenium in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of selenium (Se)
•  Selenium, Method 2
Hydrochloric acid solution:  Hydrochloric acid diluted with water (1 in 10)
50% Ammonium hydroxide solution:  Ammonium hydroxide diluted with water (1 in 2)
Reagent A:  9 mg/mL of edetate disodium and 25 mg/mL of hydroxylamine hydrochloride in water. [Note—Dissolve edetate disodium in a portion of water first, add hydroxylamine hydrochloride, then dilute with water to volume. ]
Reagent B:  Transfer 200 mg of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene to a 250-mL separatory funnel, and add 200 mL of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid. Wash the solution with three 40-mL portions of cyclohexane, and discard the cyclohexane layer. Filter the solution into a brown bottle, and cover the solution with a 1-cm layer of cyclohexane. This solution is stable for 1 week if stored in a refrigerator.
Standard stock solution:  [Caution—Selenium is toxic; handle it with care. ] Dissolve 1 g of metallic selenium in a minimum volume of nitric acid. Evaporate to dryness, add 2 mL of water, and evaporate to dryness. Repeat the addition of water and evaporation to dryness three times. Dissolve the residue in 3 N hydrochoric acid, transfer to a 1000-mL volumetric flask, and dilute with 3 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain a solution with a concentration of 1000 µg/mL of selenium. Dilute a volume of the solution with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid, to obtain a concentration of 2.0 µg/mL of selenium.
Standard solution:  Transfer 10.0 mL of Standard stock solution to a glass stoppered flask. Add 1 mL of perchloric acid, and 1 mL of Hydrochloric acid solution, and dilute with water to 20 mL
Sample solution:  Remove the contents of Capsules by cutting open the Capsules. Mix, and determine the weight of the contents. Transfer a quantity of the Capsule contents, equivalent to a nominal amount of 20 µg of selenium to a suitable flask. Add 10 mL of nitric acid, and warm gently on a hot plate. Continue heating until the initial nitric acid reaction has subsided, then add 3 mL of perchloric acid. [Caution—Exercise care at this stage because perchloric acid reaction becomes vigorous. ] Continue heating on the hot plate until the appearance of white fumes of perchloric acid or until the digest begins to darken. Add 0.5 mL of nitric acid, and resume heating, adding additional amounts of nitric acid if further darkening occurs. Digest for 10 min after the first appearance of perchloric acid fumes or until the digest becomes colorless. Cool the flask. Add 2.5 mL of Hydrochloric acid solution, and return the flask to the hot plate to expel residual nitric acid. Heat the mixture for 3 min after it begins to boil. Cool the flask to room temperature, and dilute with water to 20 mL.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  UV
Cell:  1 cm
Analytical wavelength:  380 nm
Blank:  1 mL of perchloric acid and 1 mL of Hydrochloric acid solution diluted with water to 20 mL
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solution and Sample solution
Treat the Sample solution, the Standard solution, and the Blank as follows. Add 5 mL of Reagent A to each flask, and swirl gently to mix. Adjust the solution in each flask with 50% Ammonium hydroxide solution to a pH of 1.1 ± 0.1. Add 5 mL of Reagent B to each flask, and swirl gently to mix. Place the flasks in a water bath maintained at 50, and equilibrate for 30 min, taking care that the flasks are covered to protect them from light. Cool to room temperature, and transfer the contents of each flask to separate separatory funnels. Transfer 10.0 mL of cyclohexane to each separatory funnel, and extract vigorously for 1 min. Discard the aqueous layer. Transfer the cyclohexane layer to a centrifuge tube, and centrifuge at 1000 rpm for 1 min to remove any remaining water. Determine the absorbances of the solutions obtained from the Samples against the solution obtained from the Blank.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of selenium (Se) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (AU/AS) × [(V × CS)/MU] × 100
AU== absorbance of the cyclohexane layer from the Sample solution
AS== absorbance of the cyclohexane layer from the Standard solution
V== volume of the Standard stock solution used to prepare the Standard solution, 10 mL
CS== concentration of selenium in the Standard stock solution (µg/mL)
MU== nominal amount of selenium in the Sample solution (mg)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amount of selenium (Se)
•  Zinc, Method 1
Zinc standard solution:  1000 µg/mL of zinc from zinc oxide dissolved in 5 M hydrochloric acid (3.89 mg/mL), and diluted with water to final volume. [Note—Dissolve in 5 M hydrochloric acid by warming, if necessary, cool, and then dilute to final volume. ]
Standard stock solution:  50 µg/mL of zinc from Zinc standard solution diluted with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Standard solutions:  Transfer 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mL of Standard stock solution to separate 100-mL volumetric flasks. Dilute the contents of each flask with 0.125 N hydrochloric acid to volume to obtain concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 µg/mL of zinc.
Polysorbate 80 solution:  Prepare as directed in the assay for Calcium, Method 1.
Sample solution:  Proceed as directed for the Sample solution in the assay for Calcium, Method 1, except to prepare the Sample solution to contain 2 µg/mL of zinc and to omit the use of the Lanthanum chloride solution.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Lamp:  Zinc hollow-cathode
Flame:  Air–acetylene
Analytical wavelength:  Zinc emission line at 213.8 nm
Blank:  0.125 N hydrochloric acid
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the absorbances of the solutions against the Blank. Plot the absorbances of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in µg/mL, of zinc, and draw the straight line best fitting the five plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of zinc in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount of zinc (Zn) in the portion of Capsules taken:
Result = (C/CU) × 100
C== measured concentration of zinc in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
CU== nominal concentration of zinc in the Sample solution (µg/mL)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of zinc (Zn)
•  Boron, Nickel, Tin, and Vanadium, Method 1; Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, and Zinc, Method 2; Molybdenum and Selenium, Method 3
Stock aqua regia solution:  Prepare a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (3:1) by adding the nitric acid to the hydrochloric acid. [Note—Periodically vent the solution in an appropriate fume hood. ]
Diluent:  Prepare a mixture of Stock aqua regia solution and water (1:9) by adding one volume of Stock aqua regia solution to two volumes of water. Dilute with additional water to volume, and mix well.
System suitability solution:  Prepare a mixture of 1000 mg/L of yttrium in 5% (v/v) nitric acid solution and 1000 mg/L of scandium in 5% (v/v) nitric acid solution with Diluent, (1:1:198), and mix.
Standard stock solution 1 (Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, P, and Zn) [Note—It is only necessary to include the minerals of interest in the solution. ] Using commercially available element standard (single- or multi-element) solutions in 5% (v/v) nitric acid solution, pipet the appropriate amount of element standard solution into a volumetric flask, and dilute with 5% (v/v) nitric acid solution to obtain a solution with final concentrations of about 1000 mg/L of calcium, 100 mg/L of copper, 250 mg/L of iron, 500 mg/L of magnesium, 100 mg/L of manganese, 800 mg/L of phosphorus, and 250 mg/L of zinc.
Standard stock solution 2 (B, Cr, Mo, Ni, Se, Sn, and V) [Note—It is only necessary to include the minerals of interest in the solution. ] Using commercially available element standard (single- or multi-element) solutions in 20% (v/v) hydrochloric acid solution, pipet the appropriate amount of element standard solution into a volumetric flask, and dilute with 20% (v/v) hydrochloric acid solution to obtain a solution with final concentrations of about 200 mg/L of boron, and 100 mg/L of chromium, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, tin, and vanadium each.
Standard solutions:  Prepare a mixture of Standard stock solution 1 and Standard stock solution 2, as required, in Diluent, to prepare a six-point calibration curve to bracket the concentration range of each mineral of interest.
Sample solution:  Weigh, then transfer 5 Capsules to a 250-mL volumetric flask, and heat gently on a hot plate until the contents begin to release. Cautiously add 25 mL of Stock aqua regia solution in 5-mL increments, and swirl. Heat, continue to swirl until the Capsules dissolve into the acid, immediately remove from the heat source, and add 150 mL of water. Cool, and dilute with water to volume. Filter about 30 mL into a centrifuge tube, using a 5-µm pore size nylon syringe filter. If necessary, make any further adjustments using Diluent.
Spectrometric conditions 
Mode:  Inductively coupled plasma spectrometry, using a spectrometer, set to measure the emission of each mineral of interest at about the corresponding wavelength. [Note—The operating conditions may be developed and optimized based on the manufacturer's recommendation. The wavelengths selected should be demonstrated experimentally to provide sufficient specificity, sensitivity, linearity, accuracy, and precision. ]
System suitability 
Sample:  System suitability solution
[Note—Analyze the System suitability solution and obtain the response as directed for Analysis. ]
Suitability requirements 
Relative standard deviation:  NMT 2.0%
Analysis 
Samples:  Standard solutions and Sample solution
Determine the emission of each mineral of interest in the Standard solutions and Sample solution with an Inductively coupled plasma system using the Diluent as the blank. Plot the emission of the Standard solutions versus the concentration, in mg/L, of the minerals of interest, and draw the straight line best fitting the plotted points. From the graph so obtained, determine the concentration, C, in mg/L, for each mineral of interest in the Sample solution. Calculate the percentage of the labeled amount for each mineral:
Result = C × (V/W) × F × (CW/L) × 100
C== measured concentration of the relevant element in the Sample solution (mg/L)
V== volume of the Sample solution (L)
W== sample weight (mg)
F== dilution factor of the Sample solution
CW== average Capsule weight (mg)
L== labeled amount of the relevant element/Capsule (mg/Capsule)
Acceptance criteria:  90.0%–125.0% of the labeled amount of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and zinc (Zn); and 90.0%–160.0% of the labeled amounts of boron (B), chromium (Cr), fluorine (F), iodine (I), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), tin (Sn), and vanadium (V)
PERFORMANCE TESTS
•  Disintegration and Dissolution of Dietary Supplements 2040: Meet the requirements for Dissolution
•  Weight Variation of Dietary Supplements 2091: Meet the requirements
SPECIFIC TESTS
•  Microbial Enumeration Tests—Nutritional and Dietary Supplements 2021: The total aerobic microbial count does not exceed 3000 cfu/g, and the combined molds and yeasts count does not exceed 300 cfu/g.
•  Absence of Specified Microorganisms—Nutritional and Dietary Supplements 2022: Meet the requirements of the tests for absence of Salmonella species, Eshcerichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus.
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
•  Packaging and Storage: Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers.
•  Labeling: The label states that the product is Water-Soluble Vitamins with Minerals Capsules. The label also states the quantity of each vitamin and mineral in terms of metric units per dosage unit and where necessary the chemical form in which a vitamin is present and also states the salt form of the mineral used as the source of each element. Where more than one assay method is given for a particular vitamin or mineral, the labeling states with which assay method the product complies only if Method 1 is not used.
•  USP Reference Standards 11
USP Biotin RS Click to View Structure
USP Calcium Pantothenate RS Click to View Structure
USP Cyanocobalamin RS Click to View Structure
USP Dexpanthenol RS Click to View Structure
USP Folic Acid RS Click to View Structure
USP Niacin RS Click to View Structure
USP Niacinamide RS Click to View Structure
USP Pyridoxine Hydrochloride RS Click to View Structure
USP Riboflavin RS Click to View Structure
USP Sodium Fluoride RS
USP Thiamine Hydrochloride RS Click to View Structure

1  ATCC No. 8014 is suitable. This strain was formerly known as Lactobacillus arabinosus 17-5.
2  Pure cultures of Lactobacillus leichmannii may be obtained as No. 7830 from ATCC, 10801 University Blvd., Manassas, VA 20110-2209.
3  ATCC No. 8042 is suitable.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Natalia Davydova
Scientific Liaison
1-301-816-8328
(DS2010) Monographs - Dietary Supplements
2021 Radhakrishna S Tirumalai, Ph.D.
Principal Scientific Liaison
1-301-816-8339
(GCM2010) General Chapters - Microbiology
2022 Radhakrishna S Tirumalai, Ph.D.
Principal Scientific Liaison
1-301-816-8339
(GCM2010) General Chapters - Microbiology
Reference Standards RS Technical Services
1-301-816-8129
rstech@usp.org
USP35–NF30 Page 1616
Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 34(6) Page 1505