Gentamicin Sulfate and Betamethasone Valerate Otic Solution
» Gentamicin Sulfate and Betamethasone Valerate Otic Solution contains not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 125.0 percent of the labeled amount of gentamicin and an amount of betamethasone valerate equivalent to not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 110.0 percent of the labeled amount of betamethasone (C22H29FO5).
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight containers.
Labeling Label it to indicate that it is for veterinary use only.
USP Reference standards 11
A: Transfer an amount of Otic Solution, equivalent to about 3 mg of gentamicin, to a centrifuge tube. Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Gentamicin Sulfate RS quantitatively in water to obtain a solution having a concentration of about 5 mg per mL. Transfer 1.0 mL of this solution to a centrifuge tube. To each centrifuge tube add 3 mL of water and 4 g of potassium carbonate, and mix. Add 1 mL of isopropyl alcohol to each tube, mix, and centrifuge. Use the upper phases as the test solution and Standard solution, respectively. Separately apply 20 µL of each of these solutions to a thin-layer chromatographic plate (see Chromatography 621) coated with a 0.25-mm layer of chromatographic silica gel mixture. Allow the spots to dry, and develop the chromatogram in a solvent system consisting of the lower phase of a mixture of methanol, dichloromethane, and ammonium hydroxide (1:1:1) until the solvent front has moved about three-fourths of the length of the plate. Remove the plate from the developing chamber, mark the solvent front, and allow the plate to air-dry. Locate the spots on the plate by placing it in a tank containing about 15 g of iodine crystals for 15 minutes: the RF values of the three principal spots obtained from the test solution correspond to those obtained from the Standard solution.
B: The retention time of the major peak obtained in the chromatogram of the Assay preparation corresponds to that of the Standard preparation, both relative to the internal standard, as obtained in the Assay for betamethasone.
pH 791: between 3.0 and 5.0.
Microbial enumeration tests 61 and Tests for specified microorganisms 62 It meets the requirements of the tests for absence of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella species, and Escherichia coli.
Assay for gentamicin Proceed as directed for gentamicin under AntibioticsMicrobial Assays 81, using an accurately measured volume of Otic Solution diluted quantitatively and stepwise with Buffer No. 3 to obtain a Test Dilution having a concentration assumed to be equal to the median dose level of the Standard.
Assay for betamethasone
Mobile phase Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of acetonitrile and water (3:2). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Diluent Prepare a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (1000:1).
Internal standard solution Dissolve a quantity of USP Beclomethasone Dipropionate RS in methanol to obtain a solution containing about 0.8 mg per mL.
Standard preparation Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Betamethasone Valerate RS in Diluent, and dilute quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with Diluent to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 1.2 mg per mL. Transfer 2.0 mL of this solution to a 10-mL volumetric flask, add 5.0 mL of Internal standard solution, dilute with Diluent to volume, and mix to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.24 mg of USP Betamethasone Valerate RS per mL.
Assay preparation Add 5.0 mL of Internal standard solution to a 10-mL volumetric flask. Transfer to the flask an accurately measured volume of Otic Solution, equivalent to about 2 mg of betamethasone, dilute with methanol to volume, and mix. Centrifuge a portion of this solution, and use the clear supernatant as the Assay preparation.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 254-nm detector and a 3.9-mm × 30-cm column that contains packing L1. The flow rate is about 1 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed under Procedure: the relative retention times are about 1.6 for beclomethasone dipropionate and 1.0 for betamethasone valerate; the resolution, R, between the betamethasone valerate and beclomethasone dipropionate peaks is not less than 3.5; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%.
Procedure Separately inject equal volumes (about 10 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of betamethasone (C22H29FO5) in each mL of the Otic Solution taken by the formula:
(392.47 / 476.58)(10C / V)(RU / RS)in which 392.47 and 476.58 are the molecular weights of betamethasone and betamethasone valerate, respectively; C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Betamethasone Valerate RS in the Standard preparation; V is the volume, in mL, of Otic Solution taken to prepare the Assay preparation; and RU and RS are the ratios of the betamethasone valerate peak response to the internal standard peak response obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
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USP35NF30 Page 3329