Trichloroisocyanuric Acid
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Trichloroisocyanuric Acid
CAS Registry Number: 87-90-1
CAS Name: 1,3,5-Trichloro-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-(1H,3H,5H)-trione
Additional Names: trichloroiminocyanuric acid; TCCA
Manufacturers' Codes: ACL-85
Trademarks: Chloreal; Symclosene
Molecular Formula: C3Cl3N3O3
Molecular Weight: 232.41
Percent Composition: C 15.50%, Cl 45.76%, N 18.08%, O 20.65%
Literature References: Industrially significant bleaching agent and biocide. Prepn: F. D. Chattaway, J. M. Wadmore, J. Chem. Soc. 81, 191 (1902); Hands, Whitt, J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 67, 66 (1948). Structure determn: R. C. Petterson et al., J. Org. Chem. 25, 1595 (1960). Review of synthetic applications as a chlorinating agent or oxidant: U. Tilstam, H. Weinmann, Org. Process Res. Dev. 6, 384-393 (2002); J. C. Barros, Synlett 2005, 2115-2116.
Properties: Needles from ethylene chloride, mp 246-247° (dec). May be stored in the dry state for at least a year. Releases hypochlorous acid on contact with water. pH of aq solns about 4.4. Soly in water at 25° about 0.2%. Sol in chlorinated and highly polar solvents.
Melting point: mp 246-247° (dec)
CAUTION: Moderately irritating to eyes, skin, mucous membranes.
Use: Chlorinating agent, disinfectant, industrial deodorant. In household cleansers. In removing oil and protein in stainless steel. In nonshrink treatment for wool. Oxidant and chlorinating reagent in organic synthesis.
Therap-Cat: Anti-infective (topical).
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant; Halogens/Halogen Containing Compounds.

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