Potassium Chlorate
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Potassium Chlorate
CAS Registry Number: 3811-04-9
Additional Names: Potcrate
Molecular Formula: ClKO3
Molecular Weight: 122.55
Percent Composition: Cl 28.93%, K 31.90%, O 39.17%
Line Formula: KClO3
Literature References: Contains at least 99% KClO3.
Properties: Colorless, lustrous crystals, or white granules or powder. d 2.32. mp 368°; above this temp it dec into perchlorate and oxygen. One gram dissolves slowly in 16.5 ml water, 1.8 ml boiling water, about 50 ml glycerol. Almost insol in alcohol. Keep out of contact with organic matter or other oxidizable substances. Caution: Explodes with sulfuric acid; inflames with explosion if triturated with any organic substances, sulfur, phosphorus, sulfite, hypophosphite, and other oxidizable substances. Incompat. Iodides, tartaric acid.
Melting point: mp 368°
Density: d 2.32
CAUTION: Irritating to G.I. tract, kidney; can cause hemolysis of red blood cells and methemoglobinemia: Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, p 112; Section III, pp 74-77.
Use: Explosives; fireworks; matches; printing and dyeing cotton and wool black; manuf aniline black and other dyes; source of oxygen; in chemical analyses.
Therap-Cat: Formerly as topical antiseptic.
Therap-Cat-Vet: In dilute soln as antiseptic mouthwash.

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