Creosote, Wood
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Creosote, Wood
CAS Registry Number: 8021-39-4
Additional Names: Wood creosote; beechwood creosote
Trademarks: Creasote
Literature References: Liquid obtained from wood tars by distillation; composed chiefly of guaiacol and creosol, q.q.v. Analysis of constituents by GC-MS and HPLC: N. Ogata, T. Baba, Res. Commun. Chem. Pathol. Pharmacol. 66, 411 (1989). Acute toxicity: T. Miyazato et al., Oyo Yakuri 21, 899 (1981), C.A. 96, 28311h (1982). Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity studies: eidem, ibid. 28, 909, 925 (1984), C.A. 102, 41238b, 57380c (1985). See also: Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, p 192. Review of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for Wood Creosote, Coal Tar Creosote, Coal Tar, Coal Tar Pitch, and Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles (PB2003-100136, 2002) 394 pp.
Properties: Almost colorless or yellowish, very refractive, oily liq; characteristic smoky odor; caustic, burning taste. d2525 not below 1.076. Begins to boil at about 203° and at least 90% by vol distills between 203-220°. Does not solidify at -20°. Sol in 150-200 parts water, in glycerol, glacial acetic acid, fixed alkali hydroxide solns; miscible with alcohol, chloroform, ether, oils.
Density: d2525 not below 1.076
Derivative Type: Benzoate
Properties: Yellowish liquid. Insol in water. Freely sol in alcohol or ether.
Derivative Type: Carbonate
Properties: Colorless to yellowish, clear, viscid, oily liquid; odorless and tasteless or slight odor and taste of creosote. d2525 not below 1.145. Insol in water. Freely sol in alcohol; sol in petr ether, fixed oils. Miscible with benzene, chloroform.
Density: d2525 not below 1.145
Derivative Type: Oleate
Additional Names: Oleocreosote
Properties: Yellowish, oily liquid. d 0.950. Insol in water. Sol in benzene, chloroform, ether.
Density: d 0.950
Derivative Type: Phosphate
Additional Names: Phosote
Properties: Mixture of the phosphoric acid esters of creosote. Yellowish, almost odorless, viscid mass. d1515 1.19. bp 230-235° with decompn. Insol in water. Sol in alcohol.
Boiling point: bp 230-235° with decompn
Density: d1515 1.19
Derivative Type: Valerate
Additional Names: Eosote
Properties: Colorless to yellowish liquid. bp about 240°. Insol in water. Sol in alcohol, ether.
Boiling point: bp about 240°
Therap-Cat: Antiseptic; expectorant.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Antiseptic, parasiticide, deodorant; has been used as expectorant, gastric sedative and gastrointestinal antiseptic. Do not use in cats.
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant; Phenols.

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