n-Decyl Alcohol
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: n-Decyl Alcohol
CAS Registry Number: 112-30-1
CAS Name: 1-Decanol
Additional Names: nonylcarbinol
Molecular Formula: C10H22O
Molecular Weight: 158.28
Percent Composition: C 75.88%, H 14.01%, O 10.11%
Line Formula: CH3(CH2)8CH2OH
Literature References: Prepn from caprinaldehyde: Krafft, Ber. 16, 1717 (1883); from capric acid methyl ester: Bouveault, Blanc, Bull. Soc. Chim. [3] 31, 674 (1904); from 1-chlorodecane: Schultz, Ber. 42, 3611 (1909); from nonylmagnesium bromide and formaldehyde: Yohe, Adams, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 50, 1507 (1928). Manuf: Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 310-317.
Properties: Moderately viscous, strongly refractive liq. Solidifies forming rectangular plates or leaflets; mp 6.4°. bp760 232.9°; bp15 115-120°; bp8 109.5°. d420 0.8297. nD20 1.43587. Insol in water. Sol in alcohol, ether.
Melting point: mp 6.4°
Boiling point: bp760 232.9°; bp15 115-120°; bp8 109.5°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.43587
Density: d420 0.8297
Use: In the manuf of plasticizers, synthetic lubricants, petroleum additives, herbicides, surface active agents, solvents. Has moderate antifoaming capacity.

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