n-Butyl Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: n-Butyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 109-69-3
CAS Name: 1-Chlorobutane
Additional Names: n-propylcarbinyl chloride; butyl chloride
Molecular Formula: C4H9Cl
Molecular Weight: 92.57
Percent Composition: C 51.90%, H 9.80%, Cl 38.30%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl
Literature References: Prepd from n-butyl alcohol by heating with HCl and anhydr ZnCl2: Whaley, Copenhaver, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60, 2497 (1938); Org. Synth. coll. vol. I, 142 (2nd ed., 1941). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Arch. Ind. Hyg. Occup. Med. 10, 61 (1954).
Properties: Liquid. Highly flammable. d415 0.89197; d420 0.88648; d425 0.88098. One gallon weighs 7.35 pounds. mp -123.1°. bp760 78.5°. nD20 1.40223. Flash pt -6.7°C (20°F). Dipole moment: 1.95. Practically insol in water (0.066% at 12°). Misc with alcohol, ether. LD50 orally in rats: 2.67 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp -123.1°
Boiling point: bp760 78.5°
Flash point: Flash pt -6.7°C (20°F)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.40223
Density: d415 0.89197; d420 0.88648; d425 0.88098
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 2.67 g/kg (Smyth)
Use: As butylating agent in organic synthesis, e.g., in the manuf of butyl cellulose.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Anthelmintic.

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