Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Benzonitrile
CAS Registry Number: 100-47-0
Additional Names: Phenyl cyanide; cyanobenzene
Molecular Formula: C7H5N
Molecular Weight: 103.12
Percent Composition: C 81.53%, H 4.89%, N 13.58%
Line Formula: C6H5CN
Literature References: Prepd by heating Na benzenesulfonate with NaCN or by adding benzenediazonium chloride soln to a hot aq NaCN soln contg CuSO4 and distilling. Lab prepn: A. I. Vogel, Practical Organic Chemistry (Longmans, London, 3rd ed, 1959) p 608.
Properties: Liquid, odor of volatile oil of almond. bp760 190.7°, bp100 123.5°, bp10 69.2°, bp1 28.2°. mp -12.75°. d1515 1.010. nD20 1.5289. Fire pt 167°F. Slightly sol in cold water; sol to the extent of 1% in water at 100°; miscible with common organic solvents.
Melting point: mp -12.75°
Boiling point: bp760 190.7°; bp100 123.5°; bp10 69.2°; bp1 28.2°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.5289
Density: d1515 1.010
Use: Solvent.

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