Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Veratridine
CAS Registry Number: 71-62-5
CAS Name: (3b,4a,16b)-4,9-Epoxycevane-3,4,12,14,16,17,20-heptol 3-(3,4-dimethoxybenzoate)
Additional Names: 3-veratroylveracevine
Molecular Formula: C36H51NO11
Molecular Weight: 673.79
Percent Composition: C 64.17%, H 7.63%, N 2.08%, O 26.12%
Literature References: From seed of Schoenocaulon officinale (Schlecht. & Cham.) A. Gray and also from the rhizome of Veratrum album L. Liliaceae. Can be isolated from commercial veratrine as the sparingly sol nitrate: Blount, J. Chem. Soc. 1935, 122; Vejdelek et al., Chem. Listy 50, 603 (1956); Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 22, 98 (1957). Purification and properties: L. C. McKinney et al., Anal. Biochem. 153, 33 (1986). Toxicity studies: O. Krayer et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 82, 167 (1944); K. Tanaka, ibid. 113, 89 (1955); Swiss, Bauer, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 76, 847 (1951). Review of chemistry and structure of veratridine and other Veratrum alkaloids: Kupchan, By, in The Alkaloids vol. 10, R. H. F. Manske, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1968) pp 193-285.
Properties: Yellowish-white, amorphous powder. Tenaciously retains water. mp 180° (after drying at 130°). [a]D20 +8.0° (ethanol). pKa 9.54 ±0.02. Insol in water. Slightly sol in ether. LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 1.35 i.p. (Swiss, Bauer); 0.42 i.v. (Krayer); 6.3 s.c. (Tanaka).
Melting point: mp 180° (after drying at 130°)
pKa: pKa 9.54 ±0.02
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 +8.0° (ethanol)
Toxicity data: LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 1.35 i.p. (Swiss, Bauer); 0.42 i.v. (Krayer); 6.3 s.c. (Tanaka)
Derivative Type: Nitrate
Properties: Amorphous powder, sparingly sol in water.
Derivative Type: Sulfate
Properties: Slender needles, very hygroscopic.
Derivative Type: Perchlorate
Properties: Long thin needles from water, mp 259-260° (after drying at 120° in vacuo).
Melting point: mp 259-260° (after drying at 120° in vacuo)

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