Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Propylamine
CAS Registry Number: 107-10-8
CAS Name: 1-Propanamine
Additional Names: 1-aminopropane
Molecular Formula: C3H9N
Molecular Weight: 59.11
Percent Composition: C 60.96%, H 15.35%, N 23.70%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH2NH2
Literature References: Prepn from propionaldehyde + ammonia with a Raney nickel catalyst: Olin, Schwoegler, US 2373705 (1945 to Sharples); by low pressure catalytic hydrogenation of nitropropane: Iffland, Cassis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 6284 (1952); by catalytic hydrogenation of propionitrile: Rylander, Kaplan, US 3117162 (1964 to Englehard). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 23, 95 (1962).
Properties: Colorless, alkaline liq; strong ammonia odor. d2020 0.719; mp -83°; bp 48-49°; nD20 1.389. Flash pt, closed cup: 10°F (-12°C). Misc with water, alcohol, ether. Keep tightly closed. LD50 orally in rats: 0.57 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp -83°
Boiling point: bp 48-49°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: 10°F (-12°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.389
Density: d2020 0.719
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.57 g/kg (Smyth)
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
Molecular Formula: C3H9N.HCl
Molecular Weight: 95.57
Percent Composition: C 37.70%, H 10.55%, N 14.66%, Cl 37.10%
Properties: Deliquesc crystals, mp 157-158°. Soluble in 0.4 part water, 1.5 parts chloroform. Keep well closed.
Melting point: mp 157-158°
CAUTION: Strong irritant, possible skin sensitizer.

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