Lithium Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Lithium Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 7447-41-8
Molecular Formula: ClLi
Molecular Weight: 42.39
Percent Composition: Cl 83.64%, Li 16.37%
Line Formula: LiCl
Literature References: Prepn: Pray, Inorg. Synth. 5, 153 (1957). Review of prepn and properties: Oliver in Mellor's vol. II, supplement II, The Alkali Metals (part 1) 179-215 (1961). Pharmacology: M. Wielosz, Pol. J. Pharmacol. Pharm. 26, 399 (1974).
Properties: Deliquesc, cubic crystals, granules or cryst powder; sharp saline taste. mp 613° when anhydr; bp 1360°; d 2.07. One gram dissolves in 1.3 ml cold, 0.8 ml boiling water; sol in alcohol, acetone, amyl alcohol, pyridine. The aq soln is neutral or slightly alkaline. Keep well closed. LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 990 i.p.; in rats (mg/kg): 600 i.p., 4.8 i.v. (Wielosz).
Melting point: mp 613° when anhydr
Boiling point: bp 1360°
Density: d 2.07
Toxicity data: LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 990 i.p.; in rats (mg/kg): 600 i.p., 4.8 i.v. (Wielosz).
CAUTION: Prolonged absorption may cause disturbed electrolyte balance, impaired renal function, CNS disturbances.
Use: Manuf mineral waters; in pyrotechnics; soldering aluminum; in refrigerating machines.
Therap-Cat: Antidepressant.
Keywords: Antimanic.

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