Ethylidene Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Ethylidene Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 75-34-3
CAS Name: 1,1-Dichloroethane
Molecular Formula: C2H4Cl2
Molecular Weight: 98.96
Percent Composition: C 24.27%, H 4.07%, Cl 71.65%
Line Formula: CH3CHCl2
Literature References: Prepd by the action of PCl5 on acetaldehyde. Review of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for 1,1-Dichloroethane (PB91-180539, 1990) 115 pp.
Properties: Chemical intermediate. Oily liquid; odor and taste as of chloroform. d420 1.1757; d425 1.1680. bp 57.3°: Mumford, Phillips, J. Chem. Soc. 1950, 75. mp ~-98°. nD20 1.4167. Sol in about 200 parts water; miscible with alcohol.
Melting point: mp ~-98°
Boiling point: bp 57.3°: Mumford, Phillips, J. Chem. Soc. 1950, 75
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4167
Density: d420 1.1757; d425 1.1680
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are CNS depression; skin irritation; lung, liver and kidney damage. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 98.
Use: Solvent for paint, varnishes; degreaser. Has been used as a surgical anesthetic.

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