Ethylene Chlorohydrin
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Ethylene Chlorohydrin
CAS Registry Number: 107-07-3
CAS Name: 2-Chloroethanol
Additional Names: 2-chloroethyl alcohol; glycol chlorohydrin
Molecular Formula: C2H5ClO
Molecular Weight: 80.51
Percent Composition: C 29.84%, H 6.26%, Cl 44.04%, O 19.87%
Line Formula: ClCH2CH2OH
Literature References: Made from ethylene by action of a hypochlorite. Toxicity data: H. F. Smyth et al., J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 23, 259 (1941). Review: G. H. Riesser in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology vol. 5 (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 3rd ed., 1979) pp 848-864.
Properties: Colorless liq. Poisonous! d420 1.197. bp 128-130°. mp -67°. nD20 1.4419. Flash pt, open cup: 105°F (40°C). Miscible with water, alcohol. LD50 orally in rats: 0.095 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp -67°
Boiling point: bp 128-130°
Flash point: Flash pt, open cup: 105°F (40°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4419
Density: d420 1.197
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.095 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of mucous membranes; nausea, vomiting; vertigo, incoordination; numbness; visual disturbance; headache; thirst; delirium; low blood pressure; collapse, shock and coma; liver and kidney damage. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 134. See also Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology vol. 2C, G. D. Clayton, F. E. Clayton, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1982) pp 4675-4684.
Use: Solvent; manuf insecticides; treating sweet potatoes before planting.

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