Cadmium Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Cadmium Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 10108-64-2
Trademarks: Caddy (Cleary); Vi-Cad (Vineland)
Molecular Formula: CdCl2
Molecular Weight: 183.32
Percent Composition: Cd 61.32%, Cl 38.68%
Literature References: Prepn: Gmelins, Cadmium (8th ed.) 33, pp 82-83 (1925); supplement, pp 464-465 (1959); Pray, Inorg. Synth. 5, 153 (1957). Book: Cadmium in the Environment, Part I: Ecological Cycling, J. O. Nriagu, Ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1980) 696 pp. Evaluation of carcinogenic risk: IARC Monographs 58, 119-237 (1993).
Properties: Hygroscopic, rhombohedral crystals. mp 568°; bp 960°; d 4.05. Freely sol in water; sol in acetone; slightly sol in methanol, ethanol. Practically insol in ether. LD50 orally in rats: 88 mg/kg (Nriagu).
Melting point: mp 568°
Boiling point: bp 960°
Density: d 4.05
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 88 mg/kg (Nriagu)
Derivative Type: Hemipentahydrate
Properties: Efflorescent granules or rhombohedral leaflets. d25 3.33. Freely sol in water.
Density: d25 3.33
CAUTION: Cadmium and cadmium compounds are listed as known human carcinogens: Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition (PB2005-104914, 2004) p III-42.
Use: Photography; dyeing and calico printing; in the vacuum tube industry; manuf of cadmium yellow; galvanoplasty; manuf of special mirrors; as ice-nucleating agent; as lubricant; in analysis of sulfides to absorb the H2S; in testing for pyridine bases; as fungicide; in pyrotechnics; in electroplating.

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