Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Aminoacetonitrile
CAS Registry Number: 540-61-4
CAS Name: Glycinonitrile
Additional Names: cyanomethylamine; glycine nitrile
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2
Molecular Weight: 56.07
Percent Composition: C 42.84%, H 7.19%, N 49.96%
Line Formula: H2NCH2CN
Literature References: Prepd by the action of alcoholic HCl or H2SO4 on dimolecular or trimolecular methyleneaminoacetonitrile: Anslow, King, J. Chem. Soc. 1929, 2465.
Properties: Oily liquid. bp15 58° (partial decompn).
Boiling point: bp15 58° (partial decompn)
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS Registry Number: 6011-14-9
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2.HCl
Molecular Weight: 92.53
Percent Composition: C 25.96%, H 5.45%, N 30.27%, Cl 38.32%
Properties: Hygroscopic crystals from alcohol, dec 165°.
Derivative Type: Sulfate (1:1)
CAS Registry Number: 151-63-3
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2.H2SO4
Molecular Weight: 154.15
Percent Composition: C 15.58%, H 3.92%, N 18.17%, S 20.80%, O 41.52%
Literature References: Prepn: H. Stephen, J. Chem. Soc. 1931, 871.
Properties: Hygroscopic leaflets from ethanol + ether, mp 121°.
Melting point: mp 121°
Derivative Type: Sulfate (2:1)
CAS Registry Number: 5466-22-8
Molecular Formula: (C2H4N2)2.H2SO4
Molecular Weight: 210.21
Percent Composition: C 22.85%, H 4.79%, N 26.65%, S 15.25%, O 30.44%
Properties: Long flat prisms from water/ethanol, mp 166° (dec).
Melting point: mp 166° (dec)

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