Bethanechol Chloride
(be than' e kol klor' ide).
Click to View Image
C7H17ClN2O2 196.67

1-Propanaminium, 2-(aminocarbonyl)oxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride, (±)-.
(±)-(2-Hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride carbamate [590-63-6].
» Bethanechol Chloride contains not less than 98.0 percent and not more than 101.5 percent of C7H17ClN2O2, calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight containers.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Bethanechol Chloride RS Click to View Structure
Identification—
B: Dissolve about 50 mg in 2 mL of water, add 0.1 mL of cobaltous chloride solution (1 in 100), then add 0.1 mL of potassium ferrocyanide TS: an emerald-green color is produced, and almost entirely fades in 5 to 10 minutes (distinction from choline chloride, which gives the same reaction but the color does not fade).
C: To 1 mL of a solution (1 in 100) add 0.1 mL of iodine TS: a brown precipitate is formed, and it rapidly changes to a dark olive-green color.
D: A solution of it responds to the tests for Chloride 191.
pH 791: between 5.5 and 6.5, in a solution (1 in 100).
Loss on drying 731 Dry it at 105 for 2 hours: it loses not more than 1.0% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.1%.
Heavy metals, Method I 231 Dissolve 667 mg in 10 mL of water, add 2 mL of 1 N acetic acid, and dilute with water to 25 mL: the limit is 0.003%.
Chloride content— Dissolve about 400 mg, previously dried and accurately weighed, in 30 mL of water. Add 40.0 mL of 0.1 N silver nitrate VS, then add 3 mL of nitric acid and 5 mL of nitrobenzene, shake for a few minutes, add 2 mL of ferric ammonium sulfate TS, and titrate the excess silver nitrate with 0.1 N ammonium thiocyanate VS. Each mL of 0.1 N silver nitrate is equivalent to 3.545 mg of Cl: the content of Cl is between 17.7% and 18.3%.
Related compounds—
Buffer solution— Transfer about 0.48 g of methanesulfonic acid to a 1000-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in and dilute with water to volume.
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of Buffer solution and acetonitrile (95:5). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Standard solution— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS in Mobile phase, and dilute quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with Mobile phase to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 1 µg of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS per mL.
Test solution— Transfer about 25 mg of Bethanechol Chloride, accurately weighed, to a 250-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in and dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
System suitability solution— Transfer about 25 mg of Bethanechol Chloride, accurately weighed, to a 250-mL volumetric flask. Add 10 mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide, and allow to stand for about 15 minutes. Add 10 mL of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid. Dissolve in and dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Chromatography system (see Chromatography 621)— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a conductivity detector and a 3.9- × 150-mm column containing packing L55. The flow rate is about 1.0 mL per minute. The detector and column temperatures are maintained at 35 and 30, respectively. Chromatograph the System suitability solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative retention time is about 0.9 for 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and 1.0 for bethanechol; the resolution, R, between 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and bethanechol is not less than 0.8. Chromatograph the Standard solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 10.0% for bethanechol chloride.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 50 µL) of the Mobile phase, the Standard solution, and the Test solution into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the peak responses for all the peaks. Calculate the percentage of each impurity in the portion of Bethanechol Chloride taken by the formula:
25,000C(F/W)(ri / rS)
in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS in the Standard solution; F is the relative response factor and is equal to 0.79 for 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and 1.0 for any other impurity; W is the weight, in mg, of Bethanechol Chloride taken to prepare the Test solution; ri is the peak response for any impurity in the Test solution; and rS is the peak response of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS in the Standard solution. Not more than 1.0% of 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium is found; not more than 0.1% of any other impurity is found; and the sum of all the impurities is not more than 1.5%.
Assay—
Buffer solution— Transfer about 29 mg of edetic acid to a 1000-mL volumetric flask, and dissolve in 500 mL of water. Add 300 µL of nitric acid to the volumetric flask, and dilute with water to volume. Pass through a 0.45-µm nylon membrane filter.
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of Buffer solution and acetonitrile (95:5). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
System suitability solution— Transfer about 25 mg of Bethanechol Chloride, accurately weighed, to a 250-mL volumetric flask. Add 10 mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide, and allow to stand for about 15 minutes. Add 10 mL of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid. Dissolve in and dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Standard preparation— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS in Mobile phase, and dilute quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with Mobile phase to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.1 mg of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS per mL.
Assay preparation— Transfer about 25 mg of Bethanechol Chloride, accurately weighed, to a 250-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in and dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a conductivity detector and a 3.9- × 150-mm column containing packing L55. The flow rate is about 1.0 mL per minute. The detector and column temperatures are maintained at 35 and 30, respectively. Chromatograph the System suitability solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative retention times are about 0.9 for 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and 1.0 for bethanechol; and the resolution, R, between 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride and bethanechol is not less than 0.8. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the tailing factor is not more than 3.5; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 3.0%.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 25 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the peak responses. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C7H17ClN2O2 in the portion of Bethanechol Chloride taken by the formula:
250C(rU / rS)
in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Bethanechol Chloride RS in the Standard preparation; and rU and rS are the bethanechol chloride peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
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