(proe'' pil par' a ben).
Propylparaben contains NLT 98.0% and NMT 102.0% of C10H12O3.
• B. Melting Range or Temperature 741: 9699
Mobile phase, Sample solution, Standard solution B, and Chromatographic system: Proceed as described in the procedure for Related Substances.
Sample: Standard solution B
Relative standard deviation: NMT 0.85% for 6 injections
Samples: Sample solution and Standard solution B
Calculate the percentage of Propylparaben in the Sample solution:
Result = P × (rU × CS)/(rS × CU)
Acceptance criteria: 98.0%102.0%
• Residue on Ignition 281: NMT 0.1%, determined on 1.0 g
• Procedure: Related Substances
Mobile phase: Methanol and a 6.8 g/L solution of potassium dihydrogen phosphate (65:35 v/v)
Sample solution: Dissolve 50.0 mg of Propylparaben in 2.5 mL of methanol, and dilute with Mobile phase to 50.0 mL. Dilute 10.0 mL of this solution with Mobile phase to 100.0 mL.
Standard solution A: 5.0 µg/mL each of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, USP Ethylparaben RS, and USP Propylparaben RS in Mobile phase
Standard solution B: Dissolve 50.0 mg of USP Propylparaben RS in 2.5 mL of methanol, and dilute with Mobile phase to 50.0 mL. Dilute 10.0 mL of this solution with Mobile phase to 100.0 mL.
Standard solution C: Dilute 1.0 mL of the Sample solution with Mobile phase to 20.0 mL. Dilute 1.0 mL of this solution with Mobile phase to 10.0 mL.
Detector: UV 272 nm
Column: 4.6-mm × 15-cm; 5-µm packing L1
Flow rate: 1.3 mL/min
Injection size: 10 µL
Run time: About 2.5 times the retention time of propylparaben
Sample: Standard solution A
[NoteThe retention time of propylparaben is about 4.5 min; the relative retention times for p-hydroxybenzoic acid and ethylparaben are about 0.3 and 0.7, respectively. ]
Resolution: NLT 3.0 between the ethylparaben and propylparaben peaks
Samples: Sample solution and Standard solution C
[NoteDisregard any limit that is 0.2 times the area of the principal peak in the chromatogram obtained with Standard solution C (0.1%). ]
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid: The peak area in the Sample solution, multiplied by 1.4 to correct for the calculation of content, is NMT the area of the principal peak in Standard solution C (0.5%).
Unspecified impurities: The peak area of each impurity in the Sample solution is NMT the area of the principal peak in Standard solution C (0.5%).
Total impurities: The total peak area for all impurities in the Sample solution is NMT twice the area of the principal peak in Standard solution C (1.0%).
• Color of Solution
Sample solution: 100 mg/mL in alcohol
Comparison solution: Mix 2.4 mL of ferric chloride CS, 1.0 mL of cobaltous chloride CS, and 0.4 mL of cupric sulfate CS with 0.3 N hydrochloric acid to make 10 mL. Dilute 5 mL of this solution with 0.3 N hydrochloric acid to make 100 mL. [NotePrepare and use this solution immediately. ]
Samples: Alcohol, Sample solution, and Comparison solution
Make the comparison by viewing the solutions downward in matched color-comparison tubes against a white surface (see Color and Achromicity 631).
Acceptance criteria: The Sample solution is clear and not more intensely colored than alcohol or the Comparison solution.
Sample solution: To 2 mL of Sample solution prepared in the test for Color of Solution, add 3 mL of alcohol, 5 mL of carbon dioxide-free water, and 0.1 mL of bromocresol green TS.
Analysis: Titrate with 0.10 N sodium hydroxide.
Acceptance criteria: NMT 0.1 mL is required to produce a blue color.
• Packaging and Storage: Preserve in well-closed containers.
• USP Reference Standards 11
Auxiliary Information Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
USP35NF30 Page 1937Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 36(5) Page 1405