(as' par tame a'' se sul' fame).
Aspartame acesulfame salt;
l-Phenylalanine, l--aspartyl-2-methyl ester compound with 6-methyl-1,2,3-oxathiazin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide (1:1) [106372-55-8].
Aspartame Acesulfame contains NLT 63.0% and NMT 66.0% of aspartame, calculated on the dried basis. It contains NLT 34.0% and NMT 37.0% of acesulfame, calculated as the acid form on the dried basis.
• A. Infrared Absorption 197K
[NoteDo not dry specimens. ]
Sample: 0.150 g
Analysis: Dissolve the Sample in 50 mL of dehydrated alcohol. Titrate with 0.1 N tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in methanol/isopropyl alcohol VS. Potentiometrically determine the volumes of titrant, in mL, at the first equivalence point (V1) and at the second equivalence point (V2). Perform a blank titration with 50 mL of dehydrated alcohol, and designate the volume of titrant, in mL, as VB.
Calculate the percentage of acesulfame (Result 1) and aspartame (Result 2) in the portion of Aspartame Acesulfame taken:
Result 1 = 163N(V1 VB)/10W
Result 2 = 294N(V2 V1)/10W
Acceptance criteria: Aspartame, 63.0%66.0% on the dried basis; acesulfame, 34.0%37.0% as the acid form on the dried basis
• Residue on Ignition 281: NMT 1.1%
• Heavy Metals, Method II 231: NMT 10 ppm
• Limit of Potassium
Potassium stock solution: 19.0 µg/mL of potassium chloride, previously dried at 105 for 2 h, in water. This solution contains 10 µg of potassium/mL.
Standard solution A: Transfer 10.0 mL of Potassium stock solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 2.0 mL of sodium chloride solution (1 in 5) and 1.0 mL of hydrochloric acid, and dilute with water to volume (1.0 µg/mL of potassium).
Standard solution B: Transfer 15.0 mL of Potassium stock solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 2.0 mL of sodium chloride solution (1 in 5) and 1.0 mL of hydrochloric acid, and dilute with water to volume (1.5 µg/mL of potassium).
Standard solution C: Transfer 20.0 mL of Potassium stock solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 2.0 mL of sodium chloride solution (1 in 5) and 1.0 mL of hydrochloric acid, and dilute with water to volume (2.0 µg/mL of potassium).
Sample stock solution: 3.0 mg/mL of Aspartame Acesulfame
Sample solution: Transfer 10 mL of Sample stock solution to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Add 2.0 mL of sodium chloride solution (1 in 5) and 1.0 mL of hydrochloric acid, and dilute with water to volume. Filter the solution.
Mode: Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Analytical wavelength: 766.5 nm (potassium emission line)
Lamp: Potassium hollow-cathode
Samples: Standard solution A, Standard solution B, and Standard solution C
Plot: Absorbance values versus their corresponding concentration (µg/mL) of potassium
Sample: Sample solution
From the Standard curve, determine the concentration of potassium in the Sample solution.
Calculate the percentage of potassium in the portion of Aspartame Acesulfame taken:
Result = (CS/CU) × 100
Acceptance criteria: NMT 0.5%
• Related Compounds
Diluent: Methanol and water (1:9)
Mobile phase: Prepare a solution by dissolving 5.6 g of monobasic potassium phosphate in 820 mL of water in a 1-L volumetric flask, adjusting with phosphoric acid to a pH of 4.3, diluting with methanol to volume, and mixing.
Standard solution: 25 µg/mL of USP Aspartame Related Compound A RS in Diluent
Sample solution: 5 mg/mL in Diluent
[NoteAvoid heat and excessive holding times. ]
Detector: UV 210 nm
Column: 4.6-mm × 25-cm; packing L1
Column temperature: 40
Flow rate: 1.5 mL/min
Injection size: 20 µL
Sample: Standard solution
Tailing factor: NMT 2.0
Relative standard deviation: NMT 4.0%
Samples: Standard solution and Sample solution
Calculate the percentage of aspartame related compound A in the portion of Aspartame Acesulfame taken:
Result = (rU/rS) × (CS/CU) × 100
Acceptance criteria: NMT 0.5%
• Chromatographic Purity
Diluent, Mobile phase, and Instrumental conditions: Proceed as directed in Related Compounds.
Acesulfame solution: 2 mg/mL of USP Acesulfame Potassium RS in Diluent
Sample stock solution: Proceed as directed for Sample solution under Related Compounds.
Sample solution: 75 µg/mL of Aspartame Acesulfame from Sample stock solution in Diluent
Samples: Acesulfame solution, Sample stock solution, and Sample solution
[NoteContinue the elution of the Sample stock solution for twice the retention time of the aspartame peak. ]
Acceptance criteria: The sum of the responses of all the peaks of the Sample stock solution, excluding the aspartame related compound A, acesulfame, and aspartame peak responses, is not greater than the aspartame peak response from the Sample solution (1.0%).
• Optical Rotation, Specific Rotation 781S
15 N formic acid: To a 1-L volumetric flask add approximately 300 mL of water, then weigh 719 g of 96% formic acid into this flask, and mix. Cool the solution to 20. Dilute with water to volume.
Sample solution: 62 mg/mL in 15 N formic acid
Acceptance criteria: +14.5 to +16.5, determined at 20 within 30 min after preparation of the Sample solution. [NoteDivide the calculated specific rotation by 0.646 to correct for the aspartame content in Aspartame Acesulfame. ]
• Loss on Drying 731: Dry a sample at 105 for 4 h: it loses NMT 0.5% of its weight.
• Transmittance: The transmittance of a 1-in-100 solution of Aspartame Acesulfame in distilled water, determined in a 1-cm cell at 430 nm with a suitable spectrophotometer, is NLT 0.95.
• Packaging and Storage: Preserve in well-closed containers, and store in a cool, dry place.
• USP Reference Standards 11
USP Aspartame Related Compound A RS
Auxiliary Information Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
USP35NF30 Page 1703Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 29(2) Page 453