Mannitol
(man' i tol).
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C6H14O6 182.17

d-Mannitol.
d-Mannitol [69-65-8].
» Mannitol contains not less than 96.0 percent and not more than 101.5 percent of C6H14O6, calculated on the dried basis. The amounts of total sugars, other polyhydric alcohols, and any hexitol anhydrides, if detected, are not included in the requirements nor the calculated amount under Other Impurities.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in well-closed containers.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Mannitol RS Click to View Structure
Identification, Infrared Absorption 197K.
Melting range 741: between 164 and 169.
Specific rotation 781S: between +137 and +145.
Test solution— Transfer about 1 g of Mannitol, accurately weighed, to a 100-mL volumetric flask, and add 40 mL of ammonium molybdate solution (1 in 10), which previously had been filtered if necessary. Add 20 mL of 1 N sulfuric acid, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Acidity— Dissolve 5.0 g in 50 mL of carbon dioxide-free water, add 3 drops of phenolphthalein TS, and titrate with 0.020 N sodium hydroxide to a distinct pink endpoint: not more than 0.30 mL of 0.020 N sodium hydroxide is required for neutralization.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it at 105 for 4 hours: it loses not more than 0.3% of its weight.
Chloride 221 A 2.0-g portion shows no more chloride than corresponds to 0.20 mL of 0.020 N hydrochloric acid (0.007%).
Sulfate 221 A 2.0-g portion shows no more sulfate than corresponds to 0.20 mL of 0.020 N sulfuric acid (0.01%).
Reducing sugars— To 5 mL of alkaline cupric citrate TS add 1 mL of a saturated solution of Mannitol (about 200 mg). Heat for 5 minutes in a boiling water bath: not more than a very slight precipitate is formed. The amount determined in this test is not included in the calculated amount under Other Impurities.
Assay—
Mobile phase— Use degassed water.
Resolution solution— Dissolve sorbitol and USP Mannitol RS in water to obtain a solution having concentrations of about 4.8 mg per mL of each.
Standard preparation— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Mannitol RS in water, and dilute quantitatively with water to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 4.8 mg per mL.
Assay preparation— Transfer about 0.24 g of Mannitol, accurately weighed, to a 50-mL volumetric flask, dissolve in 10 mL of water, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)—The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a refractive index detector that is maintained at a constant temperature and a 4-mm × 25-cm column that contains packing L19. The column temperature is maintained at a temperature between 30 and 85 controlled within ±2 of the selected temperature, and the flow rate is about 0.5 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%. In a similar manner, chromatograph the Resolution solution: the resolution, R, between the sorbitol and mannitol peaks is not less than 2.0.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 20 µL) of the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C6H14O6, in the Mannitol taken by the formula:
50C(rU / rS)
in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Mannitol RS in the Standard preparation; and rU and rS are the peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
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Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Robert H. Lafaver, M.S.
Scientific Liaison
1-301-816-8335
(EXC2010) Monographs - Excipients
Reference Standards RS Technical Services
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USP35–NF30 Page 3765
Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 34(6) Page 1588