Emedastine Ophthalmic Solution
» Emedastine Ophthalmic Solution is a sterile, aqueous solution containing an amount of Emedastine Difumarate equivalent to not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 110.0 percent of the labeled amount of emedastine (C17H26N4O).
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers, in a refrigerator or at controlled room temperature.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Emedastine Difumarate RS Click to View Structure
Identification— The retention time of the major peak in the chromatogram of the Assay preparation corresponds to that in the chromatogram of the Standard preparation, as obtained in the Assay.
Sterility 71 It meets the requirements when tested as directed for Membrane Filtration under Test for Sterility of the Product to be Examined.
pH 791: between 5.0 and 8.0.
Buffer solution— Dissolve 13.8 g of monobasic sodium phosphate and 10 mL of triethylamine in 800 mL of water. Adjust with phosphoric acid to a pH of 5.7, dilute with water to 1000 mL, and mix.
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of Buffer solution and acetonitrile (83:17). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Standard preparation— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Emedastine Difumarate RS in Mobile phase to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.057 mg of emedastine per mL.
System suitability solution— Add 50 µL of 30 percent hydrogen peroxide to 2 mL of Standard preparation, and heat at 100 for 30 minutes. Add another 2 mL of Standard preparation, mix, and use immediately.
Assay preparation— Transfer an accurately measured volume of Ophthalmic Solution into a suitable volumetric flask to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.057 mg of emedastine per mL.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 280-nm detector and a 3.9-mm × 15-cm column that contains packing L7. The flow rate is about 1.0 mL per minute. Chromatograph the System suitability solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative retention times are about 1.0 for emedastine and 1.2 for emedastine N-oxide; the resolution, R, between emedastine and emedastine N-oxide is not less than 1.5; the column efficiency determined from the emedastine peak is not less than 1000 theoretical plates; and the tailing factor is not more than 2.0. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 20 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the peak responses for emedastine. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of emedastine (C17H26N4O) in each mL of the Ophthalmic Solution taken by the formula:
(302.42/534.57)C(V1/ V2)(rU / rS)
in which 302.42 and 534.57 are the molecular weights of emedastine and emedastine difumarate, respectively; C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Emedastine Difumarate RS in the Standard preparation; V1 is the volume, in mL, of the volumetric flask used to prepare the Assay preparation; V2 is the volume, in mL, of Ophthalmic Solution taken; and rU and rS are the peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
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Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Domenick Vicchio, Ph.D.
Senior Scientific Liaison
(SM42010) Monographs - Small Molecules 4
Reference Standards RS Technical Services
71 Radhakrishna S Tirumalai, Ph.D.
Principal Scientific Liaison
(GCM2010) General Chapters - Microbiology
USP35–NF30 Page 3030
Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 27(1) Page 1782