(koe les' ti pol hye'' droe klor' ide).
» Colestipol Hydrochloride is an insoluble, high molecular weight basic anion-exchange copolymer of diethylenetriamine and 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane with approximately one out of five amino nitrogens protonated. Each g binds not less than 1.1 mEq and not more than 1.6 mEq of sodium cholate, calculated as cholate binding capacity.
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight containers.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Colestipol Hydrochloride RS
Identification Infrared Absorption 197KPrepare the test specimen and the Standard specimen by mixing about 3 to 4 mg of Colestipol Hydrochloride and of USP Colestipol Hydrochloride RS, respectively, with about 150 mg of potassium bromide.
pH 791 Prepare a 10% (w/w) suspension of it in deionized water in a clean vial. Insert the stopper, shake at approximately 10-minute intervals for 1 hour, and centrifuge. Transfer a portion of the clear supernatant to a suitable container, and record the pH as soon as the reading has stabilized: the pH is between 6.0 and 7.5.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum at a pressure of about 5 mm of mercury at 75 for 16 hours: it loses not more than 1.0% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.3%.
Heavy metals, Method II 231: not more than 0.002%.
Content of chloride
Test preparation Using about 20 mg of Colestipol Hydrochloride, accurately weighed, proceed as directed under Oxygen Flask Combustion 471, 10 mL of 0.05 N sodium hydroxide being used as the absorbing liquid. Do not allow the paper specimen wrapper to come in contact with the liquid, and ignite the paper with an IR igniter. After combustion is complete, shake the flask vigorously, and allow to stand, with frequent shaking, for about 40 minutes or until no cloudiness is present. Transfer the solution to a 50-mL beaker. Wash the flask with two 5-mL portions of water and two 10-mL portions of alcohol, adding each washing to the beaker, and add 0.2 mL of nitric acid.
Reagent blank preparation Using a paper specimen wrapper, complete the combustion, and allow the mixture to stand for about 40 minutes or until no cloudiness is present, as directed under Test preparation. Transfer the solution so obtained to a 50-mL beaker. Wash the combustion flask with two 5-mL portions of water and two 10-mL portions of alcohol, adding the washings to the beaker, and add 0.2 mL of nitric acid.
Procedure Titrate the Test preparation and the Reagent blank preparation with 0.05 N silver nitrate VS, determining the endpoint potentiometrically, using a silver-silver chloride electrode and a glass reference electrode (see Titrimetry 541). Determine the volume of 0.05 N silver nitrate VS consumed by the test specimen taken by the formula:
V VBin which V and VB are the volumes, in mL, of titrant used for the Test preparation and the Reagent blank preparation, respectively. Each mL of 0.05 N silver nitrate is equivalent to 1.773 mg of Cl: the chloride content is between 6.5% and 9.0%, calculated on the dried basis.
Water absorption Transfer about 5 g of Colestipol Hydrochloride, accurately weighed, to a dry, 100-mL plastic container, and add about 80 g of water, accurately weighed. Cover the container, and allow the suspension to equilibrate for 72 hours. With the aid of vacuum, filter the slurry transferred to a medium-porosity, fritted-glass funnel, and collect the filtrate in a tared plastic container. Disconnect the vacuum 2 minutes after the collection of the last portion of the filtrate. Weigh the container and the filtrate, and determine the weight, in g, of the filtrate. Determine the amount of water absorbed by subtracting the weight of the filtrate from the weight of water taken for the test, and divide the weight, in g, of the absorbed water by the weight, in g, of Colestipol Hydrochloride taken: each g absorbs between 3.3 g and 5.3 g of water.
Cholate binding capacity
Cholate solution Dissolve accurately weighed quantities of sodium cholate and sodium chloride in water, and quantitatively dilute with water to obtain a solution having known concentrations of 10.0 mg of sodium cholate per mL and 9.0 mg of sodium chloride per mL. Adjust the solution by the dropwise addition of hydrochloric acid to a pH of 6.4 ± 0.1.
Test preparation Transfer 1.0 ± 0.01 g of Colestipol Hydrochloride to a glass-stoppered, 125-mL conical flask. Add 100.0 mL of Cholate solution, insert the stopper securely in the flask, shake vigorously for 90 minutes with the flask positioned horizontally on a platform shaker, remove the flask from the shaker, and allow the solids to settle for 5 minutes.
Procedure Transfer 20.0 mL of supernatant from the Test preparation to a 40-mL beaker, transfer 20.0 mL of Cholate solution to a second 40-mL beaker, and adjust both solutions by the dropwise addition of 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 10.5 ± 0.5. Titrate both solutions with 0.1 N hydrochloric acid VS, determining the endpoints potentiometrically, and measure the titrant volume corresponding to the difference between the midpoints of the two inflections in the titration curves obtained for each solution (see Titrimetry 541). Determine the volume of titrant equivalent to the bound cholate by subtracting the volume of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid VS used in titrating the Test preparation from that used in titrating the Cholate solution. Calculate the Cholate binding capacity, in mEq per g, taken by the formula:
5VN / Win which V is the volume, in mL, of titrant equivalent to the bound cholate; N is the normality of the 0.1 N hydrochloric acid VS; and W is the weight, in g, of Colestipol Hydrochloride taken for the Test preparation. The Cholate binding capacity is between 1.1 mEq per g and 1.6 mEq per g.
Water-soluble substances Transfer 5.0 g of Colestipol Hydrochloride, accurately weighed, to a glass-stoppered, 125-mL conical flask, add 80.0 mL of water, insert the stopper in the flask, and mount the flask in a water-bath shaker maintained at 37 ± 1. Operate the shaker for 72 hours, remove the flask from the shaker, and filter the contents twicefirst through a premoistened 0.45-µm nylon membrane filter and then through a 0.45-µm PVDF filter, collecting the filtrate in a tared 125-mL conical flask. Rinse any residual test material in the flask with two 5-mL portions of water, pass the washings through the filters, and combine the filtrates from the washings with the filtrate from the test mixture. Evaporate the filtrate to dryness, filtered air or nitrogen being used, if necessary, to aid in the evaporation. Dry the residue in a vacuum oven maintained at 75 for 1 hour, allow to cool in a desiccator, and weigh: not more than 0.5% of water-soluble substances is found in the portion of Colestipol Hydrochloride taken.
Colestipol exchange capacity
Resin base preparation Combine not less than 2 g of Colestipol Hydrochloride and 100 mL of 1 N sodium hydroxide in a 125-mL conical flask, insert a stopper in the flask, secure the flask on a platform shaker, and shake the mixture for 3 to 4 hours. Filter the suspension through a coarse-porosity, fritted-glass funnel, and wash the resin with 500 mL of water. Transfer the resin to a 1000-mL beaker, add 200 mL of water, allow to stand for 10 minutes, filter the suspension, and check the pH of the filtrate. Repeat the washing procedure with 200-mL portions of water until the pH of the filtrate is below 8 (as much as 5000 mL of water may be required). Dry the colestipol base resin so obtained and the funnel at a pressure of about 5 mm of mercury at 60 for 16 hours. Break up any aggregates, and store the Resin base preparation in a desiccator.
Procedure Transfer about 1.0 g of the Resin base preparation to a 125-mL conical flask, add 100.0 mL of 0.20 N hydrochloric acid, insert a stopper in the flask, and shake the mixture by mechanical means for 2.5 hours. Filter a portion of the suspension through a pledget of glass wool, and transfer 8.0 mL of the filtrate (test preparation) to a 25-mL beaker. Transfer 5.0 mL of the same 0.20 N hydrochloric acid that was used to equilibrate the resin to a second 25-mL beaker, and add 5.0 mL of water. Titrate both solutions with 0.2 N sodium hydroxide VS, determining the endpoints potentiometrically (see Titrimetry 541), and calculate the Colestipol exchange capacity, in mEq per g, taken by the formula:
(100N / W)[(Vb / 5) (Va / 8)]in which N is the normality of the sodium hydroxide VS; W is the weight, in g, of the Resin base preparation taken; Vb is the volume, in mL, of titrant used to neutralize the 5.0-mL aliquot of 0.20 N hydrochloric acid; and Va is the volume, in mL, of titrant used to neutralize the residual acid in the test preparation. Each g exchanges not less than 9.0 mEq and not more than 11.0 mEq of sodium hydroxide, calculated as colestipol exchange capacity.
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