Prednisolone Oral Solution
» Prednisolone Oral Solution contains not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 110.0 percent of the labeled amount of prednisolone (C21H28O5). It may contain alcohol.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers.
Identification— The retention time of the major peak in the chromatogram of the Assay preparation corresponds to that in the chromatogram of the Standard preparation, as obtained in the Assay.
pH 791: between 3.0 and 4.5.
Alcohol content, Method II 611 (if present): not less than 90.0% and not more than 115.0% of the labeled amount.
Citrate buffer— Prepare a 0.0033 M solution of citric acid in water, adjust with 1 N sodium hydroxide to a pH of 6.2, and mix.
Diluting solution: a mixture of methanol and water (1:1).
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of Citrate buffer and methanol (31:19). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
System suitability solution— Dissolve suitable quantities of prednisolone and hydrocortisone in a mixture of methanol and water (1:1) to obtain a solution containing about 100 µg per mL and 90 µg per mL, respectively.
Standard preparation— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Prednisolone RS in Diluting solution, and dilute quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with Diluting solution to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.1 mg per mL.
Assay preparation— Transfer an accurately measured volume of Oral Solution, equivalent to about 5.0 mg of prednisolone, to a 50-mL volumetric flask, dissolve in Diluting solution, shake by mechanical means for 15 minutes, dilute with Diluting solution to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621) The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 254-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 15-cm column that contains packing L10. The flow rate is about 1 mL per minute. Chromatograph the System suitability solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the relative retention times are about 0.8 for hydrocortisone and 1.0 for prednisolone; the resolution, R, between hydrocortisone and prednisolone is not less than 2.5; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 10 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of prednisolone (C21H28O5) in the volume of Oral Solution taken by the formula:
50C(rU / rS)
in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Prednisolone RS in the Standard preparation; and rU and rS are the peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Daniel K. Bempong, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
(MDPS05) Monograph Development-Pulmonary and Steroids
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
USP32–NF27 Page 3369
Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 28(2) Page 347
Chromatographic Column—
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.