2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-Pyrimidinetrione, 5-ethyl-5-phenyl-, monosodium salt.
Sodium 5-ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturate [57-30-7].
» Phenobarbital Sodium contains not less than 98.5 percent and not more than 101.0 percent of C12H11 N2NaO3, calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight containers.
Labeling Where it is intended for use in preparing injectable dosage forms, the label states that it is sterile or must be subjected to further processing during the preparation of injectable dosage forms.
Completeness of solution Mix 1.0 g with 10 mL of carbon dioxide-free water: after 1 minute, the solution is clear and free from undissolved solid.
A: Dissolve about 50 mg of Phenobarbital Sodium in 15 mL of water in a separator, add 2 mL of hydrochloric acid, shake, and extract the liberated phenobarbital with four 25-mL portions of chloroform. Filter the combined extracts through a pledget of cotton or other suitable filter into a beaker, and wash the separator and the filter with several small portions of chloroform. Evaporate a 50-mL portion of the chloroform solution of phenobarbital on a steam bath with the aid of a current of air. Add 10 mL of ether, again evaporate, and dry the residue at 105 for 2 hours: the IR absorption spectrum of a potassium bromide dispersion of the residue so obtained exhibits maxima only at the same wavelengths as that of a similar preparation of USP Phenobarbital RS.
B: Ignite about 200 mg: the residue effervesces with acids, and responds to the tests for Sodium 191.
C: The relative retention time of the major peak in the chromatogram of the Assay preparation corresponds to that in the chromatogram of the Standard preparation, as obtained in the Assay.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it at 150 for 4 hours: it loses not more than 7.0% of its weight.
Heavy metals 231 Dissolve 2.0 g in 52 mL of water. Add slowly, with vigorous stirring, 8 mL of 1 N hydrochloric acid, and filter, discarding the first 5 mL of the filtrate. Dilute 20 mL of the subsequent filtrate with water to 25 mL: the limit is 0.003%.
Other requirements Where the label states that Phenobarbital Sodium is sterile, it meets the requirements for Sterility Tests 71 and for Bacterial endotoxins under Phenobarbital Sodium for Injection. Where the label states that Phenobarbital Sodium must be subjected to further processing during the preparation of injectable dosage forms, it meets the requirements for Bacterial endotoxins under Phenobarbital Sodium for Injection.
pH 4.5 Buffer solution, Mobile phase, Internal standard solution, Standard preparation, and Chromatographic system Prepare as directed in the Assay under Phenobarbital.
Assay preparation Transfer about 22 mg of Phenobarbital Sodium, accurately weighed, to a conical flask, add 15.0 mL of Internal standard solution, mix, and sonicate for 15 minutes. Pass through a membrane filter having a 0.5-µm or finer porosity before use.
Procedure Proceed as directed for Procedure in the Assay under Phenobarbital. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C12H11N2NaO3 in the portion of Phenobarbital Sodium taken by the formula:
(254.22 / 232.24)(W)(RU / RS)in which 254.22 and 232.24 are the molecular weights of phenobarbital sodium and phenobarbital, respectively; and the other terms are as defined therein.
Auxiliary Information Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.Chromatographic Column
USP32NF27 Page 3271
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.