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C9H13NO3 183.20

1,2-Benzenediol, 4-(2-amino-1-hydroxypropyl)-, [R-(R*,S*)]-.
(-)--(1-Aminoethyl)-3,4-dihydroxybenzyl alcohol [18829-78-2; 829-74-3].
» Levonordefrin, dried in vacuum at 60 for 15 hours, contains not less than 98.0 percent and not more than 102.0 percent of C9H13NO3.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in well-closed containers.
Solution: 25 µg per mL.
Medium: 0.1 N hydrochloric acid.
Specific rotation 781S: between 28 and 31.
Test solution: 50 mg, previously dried, per mL, in 0.3 N hydrochloric acid.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum at 60 for 15 hours: it loses not more than 1.0% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.2%.
Chromatographic purity—
Standard solutions— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Levonordefrin RS in a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (96:4) to obtain a Standard stock solution having a known concentration of 5 mg per mL. Dilute this solution quantitatively with a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (96:4) to obtain Standard solutions, designated below by letter, having the following compositions:
Dilution Concentration
(µg RS per mL)
Percentage (%, for comparison with test specimen)
A (1 in 10) 500 1.0
B (1 in 20) 250 0.5
C (1 in 50) 100 0.2
D (1 in 100) 50 0.1
Test solution— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of Levonordefrin in a mixture of methanol and glacial acetic acid (96:4) to obtain a solution containing 50 mg per mL.
Procedure— Apply separately 5 µL of the Test solution and 5 µL of each Standard solution to a suitable thin-layer chromatographic plate (see Chromatography 621) coated with 0.25-mm layer of chromatographic silica gel mixture. Position the plate in a chromatographic chamber, and develop the chromatograms in a solvent system consisting of a mixture of n-butyl alcohol, water, and glacial acetic acid (70:20:10) until the solvent front has moved about three-fourths of the length of the plate. Remove the plate from the developing chamber, mark the solvent front, and allow the solvent to evaporate in warm, circulating air. Examine the plate under short-wavelength UV light. Expose the plate to iodine vapors, and examine again. Compare the intensities, observed by both visualizations, of any secondary spots observed in the chromatogram of the Test solution with those of the principal spots in the chromatograms of the Standard solutions: the sum of the intensities of secondary spots obtained from the Test solution corresponds to not more than 1.0% of related compounds, with no single impurity corresponding to more than 0.5%.
Assay— Transfer about 350 mg of Levonordefrin, previously dried and accurately weighed, to a small flask, dissolve in 50 mL of glacial acetic acid, heating, if necessary, add 1 drop of crystal violet TS, and titrate with 0.1 N perchloric acid VS to a green endpoint. Perform a blank determination, and make any necessary correction. Each mL of 0.1 N perchloric acid is equivalent to 18.32 mg of C9H13NO3.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Sujatha Ramakrishna, Ph.D.
(MDCV05) Monograph Development-Cardiovascular
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
USP32–NF27 Page 2773