Erythromycin Estolate and Sulfisoxazole Acetyl Oral Suspension
» Erythromycin Estolate and Sulfisoxazole Acetyl Oral Suspension contains the equivalent of not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 120.0 percent of the labeled amount of erythromycin (C37H67NO13) and the equivalent of not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 115.0 percent of the labeled amount of sulfisoxazole (C11H13N3O3S). It contains one or more suitable buffers, colors, diluents, emulsifiers, flavors, preservatives, and suspending agents.
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight containers.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Erythromycin RS.
USP Erythromycin Estolate RS.
USP Sulfisoxazole Acetyl RS.
Identification To a quantity of the Oral Suspension add a volume of methanol sufficient to yield a solution having a concentration equivalent to about 2.5 mg of erythromycin per mL. Shake this mixture by mechanical means for about 30 minutes. Centrifuge a portion of this mixture, and use the clear supernatant as the test solution. Prepare a solution of USP Erythromycin Estolate RS in methanol containing about 3 mg per mL (Standard solution A). Prepare a solution of USP Sulfisoxazole Acetyl RS in methanol containing about 8.7 mg per mL (Standard solution B). Apply separately 10 µL each of the test solution and the two Standard solutions to a suitable thin-layer chromatographic plate (see Chromatography 621) coated with a 0.25-mm layer of chromatographic silica gel mixture, and allow to dry. Place the plate in an unlined chromatographic chamber, and develop the chromatograms in a solvent system consisting of a mixture of methanol and chloroform (85:15) until the solvent front has moved about 9 cm. Remove the plate from the chamber, mark the solvent front, and allow the solvent to evaporate. Spray the plate with a mixture of dehydrated alcohol, p-methoxybenzaldehyde, and sulfuric acid (90:5:5). Heat the plate at 100 for 10 minutes, and examine the chromatograms, in which the erythromycin estolate appears as a black-to-purple spot and the sulfisoxazole acetyl appears as a yellow spot: the RF value of the principal black-to-purple spot obtained from the test solution corresponds to that obtained from Standard solution A, and the RF value of the principal yellow spot obtained from the test solution corresponds to that obtained from Standard solution B.
Uniformity of dosage units 905
For suspension packaged in single-unit containers : meets the requirements.
Deliverable volume 698: meets the requirements.
pH 791: between 3.5 and 6.5.
Assay for erythromycin Dilute an accurately measured volume of Oral Suspension, freshly mixed and free from air bubbles, quantitatively with methanol to obtain a solution containing the equivalent of 2.5 mg of erythromycin per mL. Dilute with 1.5 volumes of Buffer No. 3, and allow to stand at room temperature for 18 hours. Proceed as directed for erythromycin under AntibioticsMicrobial Assays 81, using an accurately measured volume of this stock test solution diluted quantitatively with Buffer No. 3 to yield a Test Dilution having a concentration assumed to be equal to the median dose level of the Standard (1.0 µg of erythromycin per mL).
Assay for sulfisoxazole
Mobile solvent Mix 40 volumes of acetonitrile and 60 volumes of water. The acetonitrile concentration may be varied to meet system suitability requirements and to provide a suitable elution time for sulfisoxazole acetyl. Filter the solution through a membrane filter (1-µm or finer porosity).
Internal standard solution Prepare a solution of benzanilide in acetonitrile having a concentration of about 0.33 mg per mL. Filter the solution through a membrane filter (1-µm or finer porosity).
Standard preparation Prepare a solution of USP Sulfisoxazole Acetyl RS in Internal standard solution having a known concentration of about 1 mg per mL.
Assay preparation Transfer an accurately measured volume of Oral Suspension, freshly mixed and free from air bubbles, equivalent to about 600 mg of sulfisoxazole, to a 125-mL separator, and extract with three 75-mL portions of chloroform. Collect the chloroform extracts in a 250-mL volumetric flask, dilute with chloroform to volume, and mix. Filter a portion of this solution through a membrane filter (1-µm or finer porosity). Pipet 4 mL of the filtrate into a glass-stoppered, 25-mL conical flask, and evaporate with the aid of a current of dry air to dryness. Add 10.0 mL of Internal standard solution, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 254-nm detector and a 4-mm × 30-cm column that contains packing L1. The flow rate is about 1.2 mL per minute. Chromatograph replicate injections of the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed under Procedure: the resolution factor between sulfisoxazole acetyl and benzanilide is not less than 3.0.
Procedure Separately inject equal volumes (about 5 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of sulfisoxazole (C11H13N3O3S) in each mL of the Oral Suspension taken by the formula:
(267.31 / 309.35)(625C / V)(RU / RS)in which 267.31 and 309.35 are the molecular weights of sulfisoxazole and sulfisoxazole acetyl, respectively; C is the concentration, in mg, of USP Sulfisoxazole Acetyl RS in each mL of the Standard preparation; V is the volume, in mL, of Oral Suspension taken; and RU and RS are the ratios of peak responses of sulfisoxazole acetyl peak to benzanilide peak obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.Chromatographic Column
USP32NF27 Page 2290
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.