Dopamine Hydrochloride Injection
» Dopamine Hydrochloride Injection is a sterile solution of Dopamine Hydrochloride in Water for Injection. It contains not less than 95.0 percent and not more than 105.0 percent of the labeled amount of C8H11NO2·HCl. It may contain a suitable antioxidant.
note—Do not use the Injection if it is darker than slightly yellow or discolored in any other way.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in single-dose containers of Type I glass.
Labeling— Label it to indicate that the Injection is to be diluted with a suitable parenteral vehicle prior to intravenous infusion.
Identification— Transfer a volume of Injection to a suitable container, and dilute if necessary, with dilute methanol (1 in 5) to obtain a test solution having a known concentration of 1.6 mg per mL. Prepare a Standard solution of USP Dopamine Hydrochloride RS in dilute methanol (1 in 5) having the same concentration as the test solution. The test solution so obtained responds to the Thin-layer Chromatographic Identification Test 201, a mixture of n-butyl alcohol, glacial acetic acid, and water (4:1:1) being used as the developing solvent and 5 µL each of the test solution and Standard solution being applied to the thin-layer chromatographic plate.
Bacterial endotoxins 85 It contains not more than 16.67 USP Endotoxin Units per mg of dopamine hydrochloride.
pH 791: between 2.5 and 5.0.
Particulate matter 788: meets the requirements for small-volume injections.
Other requirements— It meets the requirements under Injections 1.
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of 0.005 M sodium 1-octanesulfonate in 1% glacial acetic acid and acetonitrile (87:13). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Standard preparation— Dissolve a suitable quantity of USP Dopamine Hydrochloride RS, accurately weighed, in Mobile phase to obtain a solution having a concentration of about 1.6 mg per mL. Pipet 10 mL of this solution into a 100-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix to obtain a Standard preparation having a known concentration of about 0.16 mg of dopamine hydrochloride per mL.
System suitability solution— Prepare a solution of benzoic acid in methanol containing about 20 mg per mL. Dilute 1 volume of this solution with 3 volumes of the Mobile phase to obtain a solution having a final concentration of about 5 mg per mL. Transfer 10.0 mL of this solution and 10.0 mL of a Standard solution containing 1.6 mg of USP Dopamine Hydrochloride RS per mL to a 100-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Assay preparation— Transfer an accurately measured volume of Injection, equivalent to about 16 mg of dopamine hydrochloride, to a 100-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)—The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 280-nm detector and a 4-mm × 30-cm column packed with packing L1. The flow rate is about 1.5 mL per minute. Chromatograph the System suitability solution, and record the peak responses as directed under Procedure: the resolution, R, between benzoic acid and dopamine hydrochloride is not less than 4.0. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed under Procedure: the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 3.0%.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 40 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C8H11NO2·HCl in each mL of the Injection taken by the formula:
(100C / V)(rU / rS)
in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Dopamine Hydrochloride RS in the Standard preparation; V is the volume, in mL, of Injection taken; and rU and rS are the responses of dopamine hydrochloride obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Sujatha Ramakrishna, Ph.D.
(MDCV05) Monograph Development-Cardiovascular
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
85 Radhakrishna S Tirumalai, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
(MSA05) Microbiology and Sterility Assurance
USP32–NF27 Page 2201
Chromatographic Column—
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.