3-Quinolinecarboxylic acid, 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-.
1-Cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid [85721-33-1].
» Ciprofloxacin contains not less than 98.0 percent and not more than 102.0 percent of C17H18FN3O3, calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers. Store at 25, excursion permitted between 15 and 30, and avoid excessive heat.
Labeling Where it is intended for use in preparing injectable dosage forms, the label states that it is sterile or must be subjected to further processing during the preparation of injectable dosage forms. Where it is intended for use in preparing Ciprofloxacin for Oral Suspension, it is so labeled.
USP Reference standards 11
USP Ciprofloxacin RS.
USP Ciprofloxacin Ethylenediamine Analog RS.
USP Endotoxin RS.
USP Fluoroquinolonic Acid RS.
Clarity of solution Dissolve 0.25 g in 10 mL of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid: a clear to slightly opalescent solution is obtained.
A: The IR absorption spectrum of a potassium bromide dispersion of it exhibits maxima at the same wavelengths as that of a similar preparation of USP Ciprofloxacin RS.
B: Dissolve a quantity of Ciprofloxacin in 6 N ammonium hydroxide to obtain a test solution containing 10.0 mg per mL. Dissolve a quantity of USP Ciprofloxacin RS in 6 N ammonium hydroxide to obtain a Standard solution containing 10.0 mg per mL. Proceed as directed for Identification test B under Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride, beginning with Separately apply. The specified results are obtained.
Microbial enumeration tests 61 and Tests for specified microorganisms 62 Where it is intended for use in preparing Ciprofloxacin for Oral Suspension, the total microbial count does not exceed 1000 cfu per g, and the total combined molds and yeast count does not exceed 100 cfu per g. It also meets the requirement for absence of Salmonella species and Escherichia coli.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum at 120 for 6 hours: it loses not more than 1.0% of its weight, except that where it is labeled as intended for use in preparing Ciprofloxacin for Oral Suspension, it loses between 10% and 20% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.1%, except that where it is intended for use in preparing Ciprofloxacin for Oral Suspension, it is not more than 0.2%.
Chloride Add 30.0 mL of water to 0.5 g of Ciprofloxacin, shake for 5 minutes, and filter through chloride-free filter paper. Transfer 15.0 mL of the filtrate to a 50-mL color-comparison tube (test solution). To a second matched 50-mL color-comparison tube transfer 10.0 mL of a standard solution of sodium chloride having a concentration of 8.2 µg per mL, corresponding to 5 µg of chloride per mL, add 5.0 mL of water, and mix. To each tube add 1 mL of 2 N nitric acid, mix, add 1 mL of silver nitrate TS, and mix. The turbidity exhibited by the test solution does not exceed that of the standard solution (0.02%).
Sulfate Dissolve 0.5 g in 5.0 mL of 2 N acetic acid and 15.0 mL of water (test solution). To each of two 50-mL matched color-comparison tubes transfer 1.50 mL of a standard solution of potassium sulfate in 30% alcohol having a concentration of 18.1 µg per mL, equivalent to 10 µg of sulfate per mL. To each tube add, successively and with continuous shaking, 1.0 mL of barium chloride solution (1 in 4), and allow to stand for 1 minute. To one of the tubes transfer 15.0 mL of the standard solution and 0.5 mL of 30% acetic acid, and mix. To the second tube add 15.0 mL of the test solution and 0.5 mL of 30% acetic acid, and mix: the turbidity exhibited in the tube containing the test solution does not exceed that of the tube containing the standard solution (0.04%).
Heavy metals, Method II 231: 0.002%.
Limit of fluoroquinolonic acid Dissolve a quantity of Ciprofloxacin in 0.1 N acetic acid to obtain a test solution containing 10.0 mg per mL. Proceed as directed in the test for Limit of fluoroquinolonic acid under Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride, beginning with Transfer 5.0 mg of USP Fluoroquinolonic Acid RS. The specified result is obtained.
Mobile phase, Resolution solution, Assay preparation, and Chromatographic system Prepare as directed in the Assay.
Procedure Proceed as directed for Procedure in the Assay. Calculate the percentage of each impurity peak in the chromatogram obtained from the Assay preparation taken by the formula:
100ri / rsin which ri is the response of each impurity peak; and rs is the sum of the responses of all the peaks: not more than 0.2% of ciprofloxacin ethylenediamine analog or any other individual impurity peak is found; and the sum of all the impurity peaks is not more than 0.5%.
Other requirements Where the label states that it is sterile, it meets the requirements for Sterility Tests 71 and Bacterial endotoxins under Ciprofloxacin Injection. Where the label states that Ciprofloxacin must be subjected to further processing during the preparation of injectable dosage forms, it meets the requirements for Bacterial endotoxins under Ciprofloxacin Injection.
Mobile phase Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of 0.025 M phosphoric acid, previously adjusted with triethylamine to a pH of 3.0 ± 0.1, and acetonitrile (87:13). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Standard preparation Transfer about 12.5 mg of USP Ciprofloxacin RS, accurately weighed, to a 25-mL volumetric flask. Add 0.1 mL of 7% phosphoric acid, dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Resolution solution Prepare a 0.025 mg per mL solution of USP Ciprofloxacin Ethylenediamine Analog RS in Mobile phase. Transfer 1.0 mL of this solution to a 10-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Standard preparation to volume, and mix.
Assay preparation Transfer about 25 mg of Ciprofloxacin, accurately weighed, to a 50-mL volumetric flask. Add 0.2 mL of 7% phosphoric acid, dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621) The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 278-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 25-cm column that contains packing L1 and is maintained at a temperature of 30 ± 1. The flow rate is about 1.5 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Resolution solution, and record the responses as directed for Procedure: the resolution, R, between ciprofloxacin ethylenediamine analog and ciprofloxacin is not less than 6. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the responses as directed for Procedure: the column efficiency, determined from the ciprofloxacin peak, is not less than 2500 theoretical plates; the tailing factor for the ciprofloxacin peak is not more than 2.5; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 1.5%. [noteFor the purpose of identification, the relative retention times are about 0.7 for ciprofloxacin ethylenediamine analog and 1.0 for ciprofloxacin.]
Procedure Separately inject equal volumes (about 10 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the areas for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C17H18FN3O3 in the portion of Ciprofloxacin taken by the formula:
50C(rU / rS)in which C is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Ciprofloxacin RS in the Standard preparation; and rU and rS are the ciprofloxacin peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.Chromatographic Column
USP32NF27 Page 1939Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 32(2) Page 320
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.