tert-Butyl Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: tert-Butyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 507-20-0
CAS Name: 2-Chloro-2-methylpropane
Additional Names: 2-chloroisobutane; trimethylchloromethane
Molecular Formula: C4H9Cl
Molecular Weight: 92.57
Percent Composition: C 51.90%, H 9.80%, Cl 38.30%
Line Formula: (CH3)3CCl
Literature References: Prepd by shaking tert-butyl alcohol with concd HCl and distilling: Norris, Olmsted, Org. Synth. 8, 50 (1928). Prepn from tert-butyl alcohol and PCl3: Gerrard et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 1920.
Properties: Liquid. d415 0.847. nD18 1.38686. mp -26.5°. bp760 51.0°; bp400 32.6°; bp200 14.6°; bp100 -1.0°; bp60 -11.4°; bp40 -19.0°. Sparingly sol in water, miscible with alcohol and ether. Boiling with water yields tert-butyl alcohol.
Melting point: mp -26.5°
Boiling point: bp760 51.0°; bp400 32.6°; bp200 14.6°; bp100 -1.0°; bp60 -11.4°; bp40 -19.0°
Index of refraction: nD18 1.38686
Density: d415 0.847

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