Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Isoamylamine
CAS Registry Number: 107-85-7
CAS Name: 3-Methyl-1-butanamine
Additional Names: isopentylamine; isobutylcarbylamine; 3-methylbutylamine
Molecular Formula: C5H13N
Molecular Weight: 87.16
Percent Composition: C 68.90%, H 15.03%, N 16.07%
Line Formula: (CH3)2CHCH2CH2NH2
Literature References: Prepn from acetamide + isoamylbromide: Erickson, Ber. 59B, 2665 (1926); from a-methylhydroxylamine + isoamylmagnesium chloride: Sheverdina, Kocheshkov, J. Gen. Chem. USSR 8, 1825 (1938). Isoln from Clostridium sordelli: Prevot, Thouvenot, Ann. Inst. Pasteur 103, 925 (1962).
Properties: Colorless liq; strong ammonia odor. d18 0.751. bp 95°. nD18 1.4096. Miscible with water, alcohol, chloroform, ether.
Boiling point: bp 95°
Index of refraction: nD18 1.4096
Density: d18 0.751
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
Molecular Formula: C5H13N.HCl
Molecular Weight: 123.62
Percent Composition: C 48.58%, H 11.41%, N 11.33%, Cl 28.68%
Properties: Crystals from acetone, mp 215°. One gram dissolves in 0.5 ml water, 20 ml chloroform; sol in alcohol.
Melting point: mp 215°
CAUTION: Irritating to skin, mucous membranes.

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