Ethylene Bromohydrin
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Ethylene Bromohydrin
CAS Registry Number: 540-51-2
CAS Name: 2-Bromoethanol
Additional Names: b-bromoethyl alcohol; glycol bromohydrin
Molecular Formula: C2H5BrO
Molecular Weight: 124.96
Percent Composition: C 19.22%, H 4.03%, Br 63.94%, O 12.80%
Line Formula: BrCH2CH2OH
Literature References: Prepd by the action of hydrobromic acid on ethylene oxide: Thayer et al., Org. Synth. 6, 12 (1926).
Properties: Hygroscopic liq. d40 1.7902; d415 1.7696; d420 1.7629; d425 1.7560; d430 1.7494. bp750 149-150° (decompn); bp20 56-57°; bp13 48.5°. nD20 1.49361. Miscible with water; sol in the usual organic solvents, except petr ether. Hydrolysis of aq solns is accelerated by heat, acids, alkalies. Aq solns have a sweet, burning taste.
Boiling point: bp750 149-150° (decompn); bp20 56-57°; bp13 48.5°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.49361
Density: d40 1.7902; d415 1.7696; d420 1.7629; d425 1.7560; d430 1.7494
CAUTION: Ethylene bromohydrin vapors are an irritant to the eyes and the mucosa.

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