Cod Liver Oil
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Cod Liver Oil
Trademarks: Gaduol; Tunol
Literature References: The partially destearinated fixed oil expressed from fresh livers of Gadus morrhua L., and other species of Gadidae. Constit. Most important are vitamins A and D, each gram containing at least 850 U.S.P. units vitamin A (255 mg) and at least 85 U.S.P. units vitamin D (2.125 mg); glycerides of palmitic, stearic, etc. acids (ยป19% saturated fatty acids; remainder unsaturated); cholesterol, batyl alcohol esters. Source of omega 3 fatty acid: N. Haagsma et al., J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 59, 117 (1982). Brief description: D. Hilditch, P. Williams, The Chemical Constitution of Natural Fats (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1964) p 43; Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products Vol. 1, D. Swern (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1979) pp 451-453.
Properties: Pale-yellow, thin liq; bland, slightly fishy taste and odor. Becomes yellow, acquires a somewhat disagreeable odor on exposure to air and light. d 0.918-0.927. nD40 1.4705-1.4745. Sapon no. 180-190. Iodine no. 145-180. Acid no. not over 1.2. Slightly sol in alcohol; freely sol in chloroform, ether, carbon disulfide, ethyl acetate, petr ether.
Index of refraction: nD40 1.4705-1.4745
Density: d 0.918-0.927
Therap-Cat: Vitamins A and D source.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Source of vitamins A and D. Locally to promote healing.

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