Carbamyl Chloride
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Carbamyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 463-72-9
CAS Name: Carbamic chloride
Additional Names: chloroformamide
Molecular Formula: CH2ClNO
Molecular Weight: 79.49
Percent Composition: C 15.11%, H 2.54%, Cl 44.60%, N 17.62%, O 20.13%
Line Formula: H2NCOCl
Literature References: Prepd by passing HCl gas over heated cyanuric acid: Gattermann, Rossolymo, Ber. 23, 1190 (1890); Gattermann, Ber. 32, 1117 (1899). From ammonia and phosgene at 400°: Rupe, Labhard, Ber. 33, 236 (1900), cf. Gattermann, Ann. 244, 30 (1888).
Properties: Liquid. Acrid, offensive odor. Has been obtained cryst, mp about 50°, bp 61-62° (decompn). Reacts violently on contact with water, forming ammonium chloride and carbon dioxide. During storage it gives off HCl and slowly changes to cyanuric acid.
Melting point: mp about 50°
Boiling point: bp 61-62° (decompn)

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