Butyl Citrate
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Butyl Citrate
CAS Registry Number: 77-94-1
CAS Name: 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid tributyl ester
Additional Names: citric acid tributyl ester; n-butyl citrate; tributyl citrate
Molecular Formula: C18H32O7
Molecular Weight: 360.44
Percent Composition: C 59.98%, H 8.95%, O 31.07%
Literature References: Prepn: Fodor, Arch. Biochem. 28, 274 (1950). Synthesis from n-butyl alcohol and citric acid: Benedict, Chemistry 47, 27 (1974).
Properties: Colorless or pale yellow, odorless liquid. d2020 1.045. bp22 about 233°. mp -20°. nD20 1.4460 (Benedict). Insol in water. Miscible with most organic liquids.
Melting point: mp -20°
Boiling point: bp22 about 233°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4460 (Benedict)
Density: d2020 1.045
Use: Plasticizer and solvent for nitrocellulose lacquers; in polishes, inks and similar prepns; also as anti-foam agent.

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