(mag nee' zee um si' trate).
1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, hydroxy-, magnesium salt (2:3);
Magnesium citrate (3:2) [3344-18-1].
Magnesium Citrate contains NLT 14.5% and NMT 16.4% of magnesium (Mg), calculated on the dried basis.
• A. Identification TestsGeneral, Magnesium 191
Sample: 10 mg/mL
Acceptance criteria: Meets the requirements
• B. Identification TestsGeneral, Citrate 191
Sample: 80 mg/mL
Acceptance criteria: Meets the requirements
Sample: 400 mg
Analysis: Dissolve the Sample in 50 mL of water. Add 20 mL of ammoniaammonium chloride buffer TS and 0.1 mL of eriochrome black TS. Titrate with 0.05 M edetate disodium VS to a blue endpoint. Perform a blank determination (see Titrimetry 541), and make any necessary correction. From the volume of 0.05 M edetate disodium consumed, deduct the volume of 0.05 M edetate disodium corresponding to the amount of calcium in the portion of Magnesium Citrate taken, based on the amount of calcium found in the test for Limit of Calcium. Each mg of Ca is equivalent to 0.25 mL of 0.05 M edetate disodium. The difference is the volume of 0.05 M edetate disodium consumed by the magnesium. Each mL of 0.05 M edetate disodium is equivalent to 1.215 mg of Mg.
Acceptance criteria: 14.5%16.4% on the dried basis
• Chloride and Sulfate, Chloride 221
Sample: 300 mg
Acceptance criteria: It shows no more chloride than corresponds to 0.20 mL of 0.020 N hydrochloric acid (0.05%).
• Chloride and Sulfate, Sulfate 221
Sample: 100 mg
Acceptance criteria: It shows no more sulfate than corresponds to 0.20 mL of 0.020 N sulfuric acid (0.2%).
• Arsenic, Method I 211: NMT 3 ppm
• Heavy Metals, Method I 231
Test preparation: Dissolve 0.4 g in 25 mL of water, and proceed as directed in the chapter, except use glacial acetic acid to adjust the pH.
Acceptance criteria: NMT 50 ppm
• Iron 241
Test preparation: Boil 50 mg with 5 mL of 2 N nitric acid for 1 min. Cool, dilute with water to 45 mL, and add 2 mL of hydrochloric acid.
Acceptance criteria: NMT 200 ppm
• Limit of Calcium
[NoteA commercially available atomic absorption standard solution for calcium may be used where preparation of a calcium standard stock solution is described below. Concentrations of the Standard solutions and the Sample solution may be modified to fit the linear or working range of the instrument. ]
Dilute hydrochloric acid: Dilute 100 mL of hydrochloric acid with water to 1000 mL.
Lanthanum solution: To 58.65 g of lanthanum oxide add 400 mL of water, and add, gradually with stirring, 250 mL of hydrochloric acid. Stir until dissolved, and dilute with water to 1000 mL.
Standard solutions: Transfer 249.7 mg of calcium carbonate, previously dried at 300 for 3 h and cooled in a desiccator for 2 h, to a 100-mL volumetric flask. Dissolve in a minimum amount of hydrochloric acid, and dilute with water to volume. Transfer 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 mL of this stock solution to separate 1000-mL volumetric flasks, each containing 20 mL of Lanthanum solution and 40 mL of Dilute hydrochloric acid. Dilute with water to volume. These Standard solutions contain 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 µg/mL of calcium, respectively.
Sample solution: Transfer 250 mg of Magnesium Citrate to a beaker, add 30 mL of Dilute hydrochloric acid, and stir until dissolved. Transfer the solution to a 200-mL volumetric flask containing 4 mL of Lanthanum solution, and dilute with water to volume.
Blank solution: Transfer 4 mL of Lanthanum solution and 10 mL of Dilute hydrochloric acid to a 200-mL volumetric flask, and dilute with water to volume.
Mode: Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
Analytical wavelength: Calcium emission line at 422.7 nm
Lamp: Calcium hollowcathode
Flame: Nitrous oxideacetylene
Samples: Standard solutions, Sample solution, and Blank solution
Determine the concentration, C, in µg/mL, of calcium in the Sample solution using the calibration graph.
Calculate the percentage of calcium in the portion of Magnesium Citrate taken:
Result = (V/W × C × F) × 100
Acceptance criteria: NMT 1.0% on the dried basis
• pH 791: 5.09.0, in a suspension (50 mg/mL)
• Loss on Drying 731 Dry 1 g in a mechanical convection oven at 135 for 16 h, then to constant weight: it loses NMT 29% of its weight, except that where it is labeled as anhydrous, it loses NMT 2.0% of its weight.
• Packaging and Storage: Preserve in tight containers.
• Labeling: Magnesium Citrate that loses NMT 2.0% of its weight in the test for Loss on Drying may be labeled as Anhydrous Magnesium Citrate.