Absorbable Dusting Powder
» Absorbable Dusting Powder is an absorbable powder prepared by processing cornstarch and intended for use as a lubricant for surgical gloves. It contains not more than 2.0 percent of magnesium oxide.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in well-closed containers. It may be preserved in sealed paper packets.
Identification— A 1 in 10 suspension is colored purplish blue to deep blue by iodine TS.
Stability to autoclaving— Transfer about 2 g to a suitable paper packet, and seal or close the packet with a double fold. Wrap the paper packet in muslin, transfer to an autoclave, heat to 121 for 30 minutes, and cool: the powder is not caked, and any lumps are easily crushed between the fingers.
Sedimentation— Boil 100 mL of a 1 in 10 suspension in water for 20 minutes. Cool, transfer to a 100-mL graduated cylinder, dilute with water to volume, and allow to stand undisturbed for 24 hours: the volume occupied by the settled Powder is between 45 mL and 75 mL.
pH 791: between 10.0 and 10.8, in a 1 in 10 suspension.
Loss on drying 731 Dry about 2 g, accurately weighed, at 105 to constant weight: it loses not more than 12% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281 Heat about 1 g, accurately weighed, in a covered platinum crucible until most of the carbon is burned away, but do not ignite the sample. Remove the cover, and ignite to constant weight: not more than 3.0% of residue remains.
Assay for magnesium oxide— Weigh accurately about 2.5 g, and transfer to a beaker. Add 25 mL of water and 2 mL of 3 N hydrochloric acid, and stir the mixture for 5 minutes. Add 5 mL of hydroxylamine hydrochloride solution (1 in 10), 15 mL of ammonia-ammonium chloride TS, 5 mL of potassium cyanide solution (1 in 10), and 5 drops of eriochrome black TS, mix, and titrate with 0.05 M edetate disodium VS until the solution becomes distinctly blue in color. Each mL of 0.05 M edetate disodium is equivalent to 2.015 mg of MgO.
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Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Ahalya Wise, M.S.
Senior Scientific Liaison
(SM12010) Monographs - Small Molecules 1
USP35–NF30 Page 2996