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141 PROTEINBIOLOGICAL ADEQUACY TEST
This test is intended for the evaluation of the biological adequacy, as an index to the completeness of the mixture of amino acids contained, of Protein Hydrolysate Injection.
Salt Mixture Prepare the salt mixture specified in the Depletion Diet as follows:
Place a portion of the weighed quantity of sodium chloride in a suitable mortar and add, with grinding, the potassium iodide. Set aside the mixture, and mix in a similar manner all the other salts with the remainder of the sodium chloride, adding finally the previously mixed sodium chloride and potassium iodide. Reduce the entire mixture to a fine powder (see Powder Fineness 811).
Control Nitrogen Supplement Mixture Place 50 g of calcium caseinate and 46 g of anhydrous dextrose in a beaker, add sufficient water to make a paste, and finally add 1000 mL of water. Heat the solution between 70 and 82 for 5 minutes with stirring, and cool. Determine nitrogen on an aliquot using Nitrogen DeterminationMethod I or Method II 461. Store in a refrigerator. Mix before removing portions for analysis or use.
Depletion and Control Periods Select a group of not less than six male rats 2 to 4 months of age and each weighing between 190 g and 225 g. Place the rats in individual cages with free access to water and the Depletion Diet for 12 days. Weigh the depleted rats, and discard any rat that weighs more than 90% of its starting weight.
For the next 3 days substitute as drinking water the Control Nitrogen Supplement Mixture in a quantity equivalent to 0.12 g of nitrogen per rat per day, diluted with water to 20 mL, and offered at the same time each morning either in a dish suitable for preventing spillage or in a reservoir fitted with a drinking tube. Remove all drinking water from the cages of the depleted rats during each feeding, and return it after the supplement has been consumed or is removed. On the third day, weigh each rat. Discard any rats that have not consumed all of the Control Nitrogen Supplement Mixture.
For the next 3 days, replace the Control Nitrogen Supplement Mixture with water ad libitum, and continue the rats on the Depletion Diet. Weigh the rats, and discard any that have not lost weight since the previous weighing.
Procedure Assemble not less than six rats that have completed the depletion and control periods. For 5 days maintain the assembled rats on the Depletion Diet with a daily supplement of 20 mL, accurately measured, of a solution containing the Protein Hydrolysate Injection in an amount equivalent to 0.12 g of nitrogen offered each morning in the same way as the Control Nitrogen Supplement Mixture was offered previously. Withhold water for at least 2 hours prior to offering the supplement and for 4 hours afterward. Then if the supplement has been consumed, offer water ad libitum.
On the afternoon of the fifth day, weigh each rat, and compare the respective final and starting weights. Not fewer than 80% of the group of rats used gain weight or maintain their weight during the test.USP35
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USP35NF30 Page 126Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 36(6) Page 1666