Zalcitabine: White to off-white, crystalline powder. Soluble in water and in methanol; sparingly soluble in alcohol, in acetonitrile, in chloroform, and in methylene chloride; slightly soluble in cyclohexane.
Zaleplon: White to off-white powder. Sparingly soluble in alcohol; slightly soluble in propylene glycol; practically insoluble in water.
Zein: White to yellow powder. Soluble in aqueous alcohols, in glycols, in ethylene glycol ethyl ether, in furfuryl alcohol, in tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, in aqueous alkaline solutions of pH 11.5 or greater, and in acetone-water mixtures between the limits of 60% and 80% of acetone by volume; insoluble in water, in acetone, and in all anhydrous alcohols except methanol. NF category: Coating agent.
Zidovudine: White to yellowish powder. Melts at about 124. Exhibits polymorphism. Soluble in alcohol; sparingly soluble in water.
Zileuton: White to off-white powder.
Zinc Acetate: White crystals or granules, having a slight acetous odor and an astringent taste. Is slightly efflorescent. Freely soluble in water and in boiling alcohol; slightly soluble in alcohol.
Zinc Chloride: White or practically white, odorless, crystalline powder, or white or practically white crystalline granules. May also be in porcelain-like masses or molded into cylinders. Is very deliquescent. A solution (1 in 10) is acid to litmus. Very soluble in water; freely soluble in alcohol and in glycerin. Its solution in water or in alcohol is usually slightly turbid, but the turbidity disappears when a small quantity of hydrochloric acid is added.
Zinc Gluconate: White or practically white powder or granules. Soluble in water; very slightly soluble in alcohol.
Zinc Oxide: Very fine, odorless, amorphous, white or yellowish white powder, free from gritty particles. It gradually absorbs carbon dioxide from air. Soluble in dilute acids; insoluble in water and in alcohol.
Zinc Stearate: Fine, white, bulky powder, free from grittiness. Has a faint, characteristic odor. Is neutral to moistened litmus paper. Insoluble in water, in alcohol, and in ether. NF category: Tablet and/or capsule lubricant.
Zinc Sulfate: Colorless, transparent prisms, or small needles. May occur as a white, granular, crystalline powder. Is odorless and is efflorescent in dry air. Its solutions are acid to litmus. Very soluble in water (heptahydrate); freely soluble in water (monohydrate) and in glycerin (heptahydrate); practically insoluble in alcohol (monohydrate); insoluble in alcohol (heptahydrate).
Zinc Undecylenate: Fine, white powder. Practically insoluble in water and in alcohol.
Ziprasidone Hydrochloride: White to slightly pink powder. Very soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in isopropyl alcohol, and in hot tetrahydrofuran; practically insoluble in water.
Zolazepam Hydrochloride: White to off-white, crystalline powder. Freely soluble in water and in 0.1 N hydrochloric acid; soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in chloroform; practically insoluble in ether.
Zolpidem Tartrate: White to off-white powder, hygroscopic. Sparingly soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in water; practically insoluble in methylene chloride.
Zonisamide: White to off-white powder. Freely soluble in dimethylformamide; soluble in methanol.