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C9H19NO4 205.25

Butanamide, 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethyl-, (±)-.
(±)-Pantothenyl alcohol [16485-10-2].
» Panthenol is a racemic mixture of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory isomers of panthenol. It contains not less than 99.0 percent and not more than 102.0 percent of C9H19NO4, calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight containers.
B: To 1 mL of a solution (1 in 10) add 5 mL of 1 N sodium hydroxide and 1 drop of cupric sulfate TS, and shake vigorously: a deep blue color develops.
C: To 1 mL of a solution (1 in 100) add 1 mL of 1 N hydrochloric acid, and heat on a steam bath for about 30 minutes. Cool, add 100 mg of hydroxylamine hydrochloride, mix, and add 5 mL of 1 N sodium hydroxide. Allow to stand for 5 minutes, then adjust with 1 N hydrochloric acid to a pH of between 2.5 and 3.0, and add 1 drop of ferric chloride TS: a purplish-red color develops.
Melting range, Class I 741: between 64.5 and 68.5.
Specific rotation 781S: between 0.05 and +0.05.
Test solution: 50 mg per mL, in water.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum over phosphorus pentoxide at 56 for 4 hours: it loses not more than 0.5% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.1%.
Limit of aminopropanol— Transfer about 10 g, accurately weighed, to a 50-mL flask, and dissolve in 25 mL of water. Add bromothymol blue TS, and titrate with 0.01 N sulfuric acid VS to a yellow endpoint. Each mL of 0.01 N sulfuric acid is equivalent to 750 µg of aminopropanol. Not more than 0.10% is found.
Potassium biphthalate solution— Dissolve 20.42 g of potassium biphthalate in glacial acetic acid contained in a 1000-mL volumetric flask. If necessary, warm the mixture on a steam bath to achieve complete solution, observing precautions against absorption of moisture. Cool to room temperature, dilute with glacial acetic acid to volume, and mix.
Procedure— Transfer about 400 mg of Panthenol, accurately weighed, to a 300-mL flask fitted to a reflux condenser by means of a standard-taper glass joint, add 50.0 mL of 0.1 N perchloric acid VS, and reflux for 5 hours. Cool, observing precautions to prevent atmospheric moisture from entering the condenser, and rinse the condenser with glacial acetic acid, collecting the rinsings in the flask. Add 5 drops of crystal violet TS, and titrate with Potassium biphthalate solution to a blue-green endpoint. Perform a blank determination, and note the difference in volumes required. Each mL of the difference in volumes of 0.1 N perchloric acid consumed is equivalent to 20.53 mg of C9H19NO4.
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Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Curtis Phinney

(DSN05) Dietary Supplements - Non-Botanicals
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
USP32–NF27 Page 3199
Chromatographic Column—
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.