Oxybutynin Chloride Oral Solution
» Oxybutynin Chloride Oral Solution contains not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 110.0 percent of the labeled amount of C22H31NO3·HCl.
Packaging and storage Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers.
Identification Place a volume of Oral Solution, equivalent to about 50 mg of oxybutynin chloride, in a separator, and extract with 10 mL of chloroform. The extract so obtained responds to the Thin-Layer Chromatographic Identification Test 201, methanol being used as the developing solvent, and iodine vapor being used to visualize the spots.
pH 4 Phosphate buffer Place 38 mL of 0.2 M dibasic sodium phosphate in a 100-mL volumetric flask. Dilute with 0.1 M citric acid to volume, and mix. Adjust the pH, if necessary, with either the dibasic sodium phosphate solution or the citric acid solution.
pH 5.6 Phosphate buffer Place 58 mL of 0.2 M dibasic sodium phosphate in a 100-mL volumetric flask. Dilute with 0.1 M citric acid to volume, and mix. Adjust the pH, if necessary, with either the dibasic sodium phosphate solution or the citric acid solution.
Bromocresol green solution Transfer 125 mg of bromocresol green to a 25-mL volumetric flask, dissolve in 3.5 mL of 0.05 N sodium hydroxide, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Standard preparation Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Oxybutynin Chloride RS in 0.05 N sulfuric acid to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 100 µg per mL.
Assay preparation Transfer an accurately measured volume of Oral Solution, equivalent to about 10 mg of oxybutynin chloride, to a 100-mL volumetric flask, dilute with water to volume, and mix.
Procedure Separately transfer 10.0 mL of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation to separate 125-mL separators. Add 20 mL of pH 4 Phosphate buffer to each separator, and extract each solution with a 25-mL portion of chloroform. [noteAllow at least 10 minutes for the layers to separate.] Collect the chloroform extracts in respective 125-mL separators, each containing a mixture of 2 mL of pH 5.6 Phosphate buffer and 1 mL of Bromocresol green solution. Shake the separators, and filter the chloroform extracts through rayon pledgets, collecting the extracts in respective 100-mL volumetric flasks. Repeat the double extractions with 25-mL portions of chloroform. Wash the rayon pledgets with chloroform, collecting the washings in the respective 100-mL volumetric flasks. Dilute both solutions with chloroform to volume, and mix. Concomitantly determine the absorbances of both solutions at the wavelength of maximum absorbance at about 415 nm, with a suitable spectrophotometer, against a blank prepared using 10 mL of 0.05 N sulfuric acid treated in the same manner as the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of C22H31NO3·HCl in each mL of Oral Solution taken by the formula:
(0.1C / V)(AU / AS)in which C is the concentration, in µg per mL, of USP Oxybutynin Chloride RS in the Standard preparation; V is the volume, in mL, of Oral Solution taken; and AU and AS are the absorbances of the solutions from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
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USP32NF27 Page 3162Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 28(2) Page 334