Methadone Hydrochloride Injection
» Methadone Hydrochloride Injection is a sterile solution of Methadone Hydrochloride in Water for Injection. It contains, in each mL, not less than 9.5 mg and not more than 10.5 mg of methadone hydrochloride (C21H27NO·HCl).
Packaging and storage— Preserve in single-dose or in multiple-dose, light-resistant containers, preferably of Type I glass.
Identification— It meets the requirements under Identification—Organic Nitrogenous Bases 181.
Bacterial endotoxins 85 It contains not more than 8.8 USP Endotoxin Units per mg of methadone hydrochloride.
pH 791: between 3.0 and 6.5.
Other requirements— It meets the requirements under Injections 1.
Internal standard solution— Weigh about 100 mg of procaine, and dissolve in 20 mL of methylene chloride.
Standard preparation— Weigh accurately about 10 mg of USP Methadone Hydrochloride RS, transfer to a 60-mL separator, add 1 mL of water and 2 mL of 0.5 N sodium hydroxide, and proceed as directed for Assay preparation, beginning with “extract with three 10-mL portions of chromatographic grade methylene chloride.”
Assay preparation— Transfer 1.0 mL of Injection, equivalent to 10 mg of methadone hydrochloride, to a 60-mL separator, add 2 mL of 0.5 N sodium hydroxide, and extract with three 10-mL portions of chromatographic grade methylene chloride, combining the extracts in a vessel containing about 3 g of anhydrous sodium sulfate. Transfer 2.0 mL of Internal standard solution to the vessel containing the extracts, insert the stopper, and mix. Decant about 15 mL of the methylene chloride solution to a test tube, and evaporate to a volume of 2 to 3 mL, using vacuum or a stream of nitrogen.
Procedure— Use a suitable gas chromatograph equipped with a flame-ionization detector and a glass column 1.2-m long and 4-mm in diameter, packed with 3% phase G2 on 100- to 200-mesh support S1A. Maintain the column temperature at 170, the injection port at 225, and the detector at 240. Use dry helium as the carrier gas, at a flow rate of about 55 mL per minute. In a suitable chromatogram, six replicate injections of the Standard preparation show a coefficient of variation of not more than 1% in the ratios of the peak areas of methadone to the peak area of procaine, and the resolution factor is not less than 5. Inject, separately, suitable volumes of the Assay preparation, containing about 5 µg of methadone, and of the Standard preparation. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of methadone hydrochloride (C21H27NO·HCl) in each mL of the Injection taken by the formula:
W(RU / RS)
in which W is the weight, in mg, of USP Methadone Hydrochloride RS in the Standard preparation; and RU and RS are the ratios of the peak areas of methadone to the peak area of procaine in the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Clydewyn M. Anthony, Ph.D.
(MDCCA05) Monograph Development-Cough Cold and Analgesics
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
85 Radhakrishna S Tirumalai, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
(MSA05) Microbiology and Sterility Assurance
USP32–NF27 Page 2914