Hyoscyamine Sulfate Elixir
» Hyoscyamine Sulfate Elixir contains not less than 90.0 percent and not more than 110.0 percent of the labeled amount of hyoscyamine sulfate [(C17H23NO3)2·H2SO4·2H2O].
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers, and store at controlled room temperature.
Identification— The retention time of the major peak in the chromatogram of the Assay preparation corresponds to that in the chromatogram of the Standard preparation, as obtained in the Assay.
pH 791: between 3.0 and 6.5.
Alcohol content 611: between 90.0% and 110.0% of the labeled amount of C2H5OH.
Diluent— Use 0.01 N hydrochloric acid.
Buffer solution— Transfer 13.6 g of monobasic potassium phosphate to a 2000-mL volumetric flask, dissolve in about 1800 mL of water, adjust with phosphoric acid to a pH of 3.0 ± 0.1, dilute with water to volume, mix, and filter.
Mobile phase— Prepare a degassed mixture containing Buffer solution and methanol (75:25).
Standard stock preparation— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Hyoscyamine Sulfate RS in Diluent to obtain a solution having a concentration of about 0.16 mg of anhydrous hyoscyamine sulfate per mL. [note—This solution may be stored in a refrigerator for 30 days.]
Standard preparation— Transfer 3.0 mL of the Standard stock preparation into a 100-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Diluent, to volume and mix. Calculate the concentration, C, in mg per mL, of anhydrous hyoscyamine sulfate in this solution.
Tropic acid solution— Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of tropic acid in Diluent to obtain a solution having a concentration of about 4 µg of tropic acid per mL.
System suitability preparation— Transfer 3.0 mL of the Standard stock preparation into a 100-mL volumetric flask, add 4.0 mL of the Tropic acid solution, dilute with Diluent, to volume and mix.
Assay preparation— Transfer an accurately measured volume of Elixir, equivalent to about 0.25 mg of hyoscyamine sulfate, to a 50-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Diluent to volume, and mix. Pass an aliquot through a 0.45-µm filter, discarding the first 5 mL of the filtrate.
Chromatographic system— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 205-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 15-cm column that contains 4-µm packing L11 and a 3-mm × 4-mm guard column that contains packing L11. The flow rate is about 1.0 mL per minute. The column temperature is maintained at 30. Chromatograph the System suitability preparation, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the elution order is tropic acid peak, followed by hyoscyamine peak; the resolution, R, between tropic acid and hyoscyamine is not less than 1.5; the tailing factor for the hyoscyamine peak is not more than 2.0; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 50 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Assay preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the area responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of hyoscyamine sulfate [(C17H23NO3)2·H2SO4·2H2O] in each mL of the Elixir taken by the formula:
50 × 1.053 × (C/V)(rU / rS)
in which 1.053 is the ratio of the molecular weight of hydrated hyoscyamine sulfate to that of anhydrous hyoscyamine sulfate; C is as defined in the Standard preparation; V is the volume, in mL, of the Elixir taken; and rU and rS are the peak responses obtained from the Assay preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively.
Auxiliary Information— Please check for your question in the FAQs before contacting USP.
Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Elena Gonikberg, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
(MDGRE05) Monograph Development-Gastrointestinal Renal and Endocrine
Reference Standards Lili Wang, Technical Services Scientist
USP32–NF27 Page 2603
Pharmacopeial Forum: Volume No. 31(5) Page 1372
Chromatographic Column—
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.