C4H10 58.12

n-Butane [106-97-8].
» Butane contains not less than 97.0 percent of n-butane (C4H10).
Caution—Butane is highly flammable and explosive.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight cylinders, and prevent exposure to excessive heat.
A: The IR absorption spectrum of it exhibits maxima, among others, at about the following wavelengths, in µm: 3.4 (vs), 6.8 (s), 7.2 (m), and 10.4 (m).
B: The vapor pressure of a test specimen, obtained as directed in the General Sampling Procedure under Propellants (see Aerosols, Nasal Sprays, Metered-Dose Inhalers, and Dry Powder Inhalers 601), determined at 21 by means of a suitable pressure gauge, is between 205 and 235 kPa absolute (30 and 34 psia).
Water: not more than 0.001%, determined as directed for Water Content under Aerosols, Nasal Sprays, Metered-Dose Inhalers, and Dry Powder Inhalers 601.
High-boiling residues: not more than 5 µg per mL, determined as directed for High-Boiling Residues, Method II, under Aerosols, Nasal Sprays, Metered-Dose Inhalers, and Dry Powder Inhalers 601.
Acidity of residue— Add 10 mL of water to the residue obtained in the test for High-boiling residues, mix by swirling for about 30 seconds, add 2 drops of methyl orange TS, insert the stopper in the tube, and shake vigorously: no pink or red color appears in the aqueous layer.
Limit of sulfur compounds— Carefully open the container valve to produce a moderate flow of gas. Do not direct the gas stream toward the face, but deflect a portion of the stream toward the nose: the odor is free from the characteristic odor of sulfur compounds.
Chromatographic system— Under typical conditions, the gas chromatograph is equipped with a thermal-conductivity detector and contains a 3-mm × 6-m aluminum column packed with 10 weight percent of liquid phase G30 on nonacid-washed support S1C, helium is used as the carrier gas at a flow rate of 50 mL per minute, and the temperature of the column is maintained at 33.
System suitability— The peak responses obtained for n-butane in the chromatograms from duplicate determinations agree within 1%.
Procedure— Connect 1 Butane cylinder to the chromatograph through a suitable sampling valve and a flow control valve downstream from the sampling valve. Flush the liquid specimen through the sampling valve, taking care to avoid entrapment of gas or air in the sampling valve. Inject a suitable volume, typically 2 µL, of Butane into the chromatograph, and record the chromatogram. Calculate the percentage purity by dividing 100 times the n-butane response by the sum of all of the responses in the chromatogram.
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Topic/Question Contact Expert Committee
Monograph Kahkashan Zaidi, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
(AER05) Aerosols05
USP32–NF27 Page 1177
Chromatographic Column—
Chromatographic columns text is not derived from, and not part of, USP 32 or NF 27.