Imidazole
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Imidazole
CAS Registry Number: 288-32-4
Additional Names: Glyoxaline; 1,3-diazole; iminazole; miazole; pyrro[b]monazole; 1,3-diaza-2,4-cyclopentadiene
Molecular Formula: C3H4N2
Molecular Weight: 68.08
Percent Composition: C 52.93%, H 5.92%, N 41.15%
Literature References: Prepd by the action of ammonia on glyoxal: Debus, Ann. 107, 204 (1858); from glyoxal, ammonia, and formaldehyde: Radziszewski, Ber. 15, 1493 (1882); Behrend, Schmitz, Ann. 277, 338 (1893); vapor phase synthesis from formamide and ethylenediamine in presence of a dehydrogenation catalyst: Green, US 3255200 (1966 to Air Products and Chemicals). Crystal structure: B. M. Craven et al., Acta Crystallogr. 33B, 2585 (1977). Acute toxicity: Nishie et al., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 14, 301 (1969). Review: Pyman, J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 36, 107 (1920). Monograph: K. Hofmann, Imidazole and Its Derivatives (Interscience, New York, 1953). Review of imidazole chemistry: Grimmett, Adv. Heterocycl. Chem. 12, 103-183 (1970).
Properties: Stout prisms from benzene. mp 90-91°. bp760 257°; bp20 165-168°; bp12 138.2°. Weak base. pK (25°): 6.92. Absorption spectrum: Rosanov, J. Russ. Phys. Chem. Soc. 48, 1241 (1916); Chem. Zentralbl. 1923, III, 1080. Freely sol in water, alcohol, ether, chloroform, pyridine; slightly sol in benzene; very sparingly sol in petr ether. LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 610 i.p.; 1880 orally (Nishie).
Melting point: mp 90-91°
Boiling point: bp760 257°; bp20 165-168°; bp12 138.2°
pKa: pK (25°): 6.92
Toxicity data: LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 610 i.p.; 1880 orally (Nishie)

Other Monographs:
TramazolineChlorthenoxazin(e)Moore's KeteneTitanium Dioxide
2-MercaptobenzothiazoleOripavineChromic Potassium OxalateAmisometradine
Pamiteplase3-DehydroretinalMolybdenumKefir Fungi
Hypophosphoric AcidVerapamilMitotaneTropylium Bromide
©2006-2017 DrugFuture->Chemical Index Database