Ichthammol
Structural Formula Vector Image
Title: Ichthammol
CAS Registry Number: 8029-68-3
Additional Names: Ammonium bituminosulfonate; ammonium ichthosulfonate; ammonium sulfobituminate; ammonium sulfoichthyolate; bitumol; bituminol; ichthammonium; ammonium bithiolicum; ichthosulfol
Trademarks: Ichthyol (Stiefel); Hirathiol; Ichden; Ichtammon; Ichthadone; Ichthymall (Mallinckrodt); Ichthysalle; Ichthalum; Ichthium; Ichtopur (Ichthyol); Ichthosan; Ichthynat (Tenneco); Ichthyopon; Lithol; Petrosulpho; Perichthol; Piscarol; Pisciol; Saurol; Subitol; Sulfogenol; Thilaven; Thiolin; Thiozin; Trasulphane; Tumenol; Leukochthol; Ichthosauran; Amsubit; Bitulan (Adroka)
Literature References: Obtained by sulfation and ammoniation of a distillate from mineral deposits (bituminous schists) originally found near Seefeld, Tyrol. Contains satd and unsatd hydrocarbons, nitrogenous bases, acids, and several thiophene derivs. Analysis shows at least 2.5% NH3 and at least 10% S. Also contains traces of some 20 minerals and "zoomelanoidic" acids. Method of prepn: Schröter, DE 35216 (1885); Helmers, DE 76128 (1892). Similar deposits occur in Asia east of Lake Baikal where the oil is known as stone oil, barakshin, Asil; sold in India for remedial purposes as saladjidi: Gerbrein, Photo-Journal (Montreal, 1969, July 2-9) p 19. Review: Wernicke, Chem. Ztg. 60, 85-87 (1936).
Properties: Pale yellow or (usually) brownish-black, thick, viscous liquid. Bituminous odor. Miscible with water, glycerol, propylene glycol, fats, oils, carbowaxes, lanolin. Partially sol in alcohol, ether.
NOTE: An injectable form is marketed as Adnexol (Protina) .
Therap-Cat: Anti-infective (topical).
Therap-Cat-Vet: Demulcent, emollient, antiseptic.
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant.

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